Challenge 1 Philosophy
For challenge 1 student's philosophy exams, this includes all philosophers, their dates, places, and main ideas.
Atom theroy-world is composed of small units of matter
"Man is measure of all things"
Believed in immortal soul but limited number of forms
Studied nature, believed that man has innate reasoning
God's son, brought everlasting forgiveness
Christianized Plato's ideas, City of God, Salvation through God
Christianized Aristotle's ideas
Reformer monk broke Catholic church, translated Bible
Reformer monk didn't break with Catholic church
He was a materialist. Believed even the soul was composed of substance
"I think, therefore I am", system builder, dualism
Historical-critical view of the Bible. "In the light of eternity"
Believed in primary and secondary qualities, as well as natural rights
Empiricist, complex ideas, "law of causation"
Empiricist, "We exist only in the mind of God"
certain factors in mind influence perception of the world-time, space, and law of causality
Method of understanding history, "world's spirit is developing"
Historical-materialist, economic force caused change in history
Contradicts creation story in Bible, evolution
Mind made of three parts-id, ego, and superego. Developed dream theory.