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Several military expeditions (trips) between AD 1095 to 1272. Supported by catholic church to win the Holy Land back from the Seljuk Turks. (Holy land included Jeruselum and parts of Israel and Jordan.

Pope Urban II

Pope who developed and began the crusades and built political power for the papacy.

Peter the Hermit

French religious leader who led on the bands of the first crusade.


Muslim leader who became sultan of Egypt and ultimately defeated the crusades.

Holy Land

Small region of land near Mediterranean Sea, also known as Palestine, includes parts of Israel and Jordan. Considered Holy by Jews, Christians and Muslims.

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