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143 terms

Medical Terminology unit 13

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respiratory
body system that is responsible for oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
alveoli
spherical structures surrounded by capillaries through which O2 and CO2 exchange occurs
pneumono
lungs
pneumonectomy
excision of part or all of a lung
pneumonotomy
incision into the lung
pneumonopathy
any disease of the lungs
pneumonorrhagia
hemorrhage of a lung
-pnea
breathing
pneo
breathing
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung
pneumonocentesis
surgical puncture of a lung to remove fluid
thoracocentesis
surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid
-ectasia
dilation or expansion
-ectasis
dilation or expansion
atelectasis
collapsed lung
pneumonopexy
surgical fixation of a prolapsed lung
melano
black
pneumonomelanosis
black lung disease
myco
fungus
pneumonomycosis
fungal infection of the lungs
mycosis
condition caused by a fungus
pneumonomycosis
condition of lung fungus
mycoid
resembling fungus
mycology
science and study of fungi
pharyngomycosis
fungal disease of the pharynx
pharynx
throat
rhinomcyosis
fungal infection of the nose
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
mcyodermatitis
inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus
pneumothorax
air in the chest cavity
pneumoderma
collection of air under the skin
pneumotherapy
treatment using air
spirometer
measures lung volume
pneumometer
measures air volume
sero
serum
pneumoserothorax
collection of air and serum in the thorax
pneumopyothorax
collection of air and pus in the thorax
pneumohemothorax
collection of air and blood in the thorax
pulmono
lung
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
pneo
breathing or breath
embolism
process of having an embolus
embolus
a moving blood clot
ortho
straight
orthorpnea
difficulty breathing if laying straight in a horizontal position
bradypnea
slow breathing
hemo
blood
ptyalo
saliva or sputum
hemoptysis
condition of bloody sputum
ptyalorrhea
flow of saliva
pty
sputum
hemoptysis
bloody sputum
naso
nasal cavity
mento
chin
nasomental
pertaining to the nasal cavity and chin
epistaxis
nosebleed
pharyngolith
calculus in the wall of the pharynx
pharyngomycosis
fungal disease of the pharynx
pharyngocele
herneation of the throat
pharyngotomy
incision of the pharynx
pharyngopathy
disease of the pharynx
pharyngoplasty
surgical repair of the throat
laryngo
larynx
laryngalgia
pain in the larynx
laryngostomy
creating a new opening in the larynx
laryngocele
herniation of the larynx
laryngopathy
any disease of the larynx
laryngospasm
uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords
tracheo
trachea
tracheopyosis
condition with pus in the trachea
tracheorrhagia
hemorrhage from the trachea
trachealgia
tracheal pain
tracheostomy
surgical creation of a new opening in the trachea
endotracheal
within the trachea
broncholith
bronchial stone
bronchorrhagia
bronchial hemorrhage
bronchorrhaphy
suturing of the bronchi
pleural
membrane around the lungs
pleuralgia
pleural membrane pain
pleurocentesis
surgical puncture of the pleura to remove fluid
visceropleural
the membrane attached to the lung
pleurolith
stone in the pleural cavity
phreno
diaphragm
-plegia
paralysis
phrenoplegia
paralysis of the diaphragm
diaphragmo
diaphragm
phrenectomy
excision of a portion of the phrenic nerve
dextro
right
sinistro
left
sinistrad
toward the left
sinistral
pertaining to the left
sinistrocardia
displacement of the heart to the left
sinstrocerebral
pertaining to the left half of the cerebrum
manual
hand
pedal
foot
sinistromanual
left-handed
sinistropedal
left-footed
dextrad
toward the right
dextragastria
displacement of the stomach to the right
dextromanual
right-handed
podo
foot
pedi
foot
-iatrist
indicates medical professionals or physicians (n)
-iatric
indicates medical professionals or physicians (ad)
podiatrist
specialist in care of conditions of the feet
chirospasm
spasm of the hand
chiro
hand
chiropractic
practice of using hands for therapeutic spinal and skull manipulation, a philosophy of medicine based on muscuskeletal alignment and holistic health practices
chiroplasty
surgical repair of the hand
pedia
child
pediatrician
physician specialist who treats children
pediatrics
medical specialty for treatment of diseases of children
psychiatrist
doctor who specializes in mental disorders
geri
old age
gerontology
study of aging
asthma
inflammatory lung disease with narrowing of the bronchi
bronchospasm
uncontrolled contraction of the bronchial muscles
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
croup
laryngotracheobronchitis with a hoarse cough
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
emphysema
loss of elasticity of terminal bronchioles
endotracheal
inside the trachea
geriatrics
medical specialty studying aging and related diseases
hemoglobin
RBC protein that carries O2
hyperpnea
increase in depth and rate of breathing
larynx
voice box
laryngotomy
making a temporary incision into the larynx
nasoantritis
inflammation of the nose and antrum
nasofrontal
nasal and frontal bones
nasolacrimal
nose and lacrimal ducts
nasopharyngeal
nose and pharynx
nasopharyngitis
inflammation fo the nose and pharynx
otorhinolaryngologist
physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
pedialgia
foot pain
pertussis
whooping cough
pharynx
throat
pleurectomy
excision of part of the pleura
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
pulmonary
pertaining to the lung
tachypnea
fast breathing
trachea
windpipe
tracheocele
herniation of the tracheal wall
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea