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MCAT review test 1 Biological and biochemical systems

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The administration of insulin to a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis will have the most direct effect on which of the following reactions?
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Terms in this set (31)
Breakdown of adipose triglycerides

Based on the description in the passage, the biochemical process which gives rise to diabetic ketoacidosis in the context of severe insulin deficiency is ketogenesis following the breakdown of triglycerides in adipose tissue, release of free fatty acids into the blood, and subsequent β-oxidation of those free fatty acids. Thus the most direct effect of the administration of insulin would be to reduce the breakdown of adipose triglycerides
It contains peptide bonds and is degraded non-specifically in strong acid conditions.

RNAase is an enzyme that degrades RNA by breaking the phosphodiester bonds in the RNA backbone. Enzymes are proteins and are therefore made of amino acids connected by a covalent peptide bond. Proteins are degraded specifically by proteases and nonspecifically in strong acid conditions or extreme temperatures