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Vocabulary #1 - AP World History: Modern
Terms in this set (36)
Ritual practice based on the belief that deceased family members have a continued existence, take an interest in the affairs of the world, and possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living. The goal is to ensure the dead's continued well-being and positive disposition towards the living and sometimes to ask for special favors or assistance. The social or nonreligious function of it is "to cultivate kinship values like filial piety, family loyalty, and continuity of the family lineage.
Quick-maturing, drought resistant rice that can allow two harvests of sixty days each in one growing season. Originally introduced from Vietnam it was later sent to China as a tribute gift.
Form of Buddhism that combines the essential teachings of Mahayana Buddhism with Tantric and Shamanic, and material from an ancient religion called Bon. Practices feature rituals and spiritual practices such as the use of mantras and yogic techniques. It spread primarily due to the influence of the Mongol Yuan dynasty.
Powerful state in South East Asia, formed by people of the same name, lasting from 802 CE to 1431 CE. At its peak, it covered much of what today is Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, and southern Vietnam.
The military government established in Japan in which the emperor became a religious figurehead, while real power was concentrated in the military under the shogun.
Mandate of Heaven
The Chinese concept that the deity granted a dynasty the right to rule and took away that right if the dynasty did not rule wisely.
A medieval change in Hinduism that saw an increased emphasis on the mutual intense emotional attachment and love of a devotee toward a personal god and of the god for the devotee. It empowered those on the lowest rungs of Indian society, provided impetus for the growth of vernacular literature, and influence the development of Sikhism.
A group of government officials headed by an administrator.
The code of honor of the samurai of Japan
Muslim dynasties that existed between the 13th and 16th centuries. The territory was mainly confined to the northern part of India, though at its peak, it was in control of much of the Indian subcontinent. It came to an end with the foundation of the Mughal Empire.
The rare development of innovation or technology independent of cultural diffusion.
Title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; they became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office.
Collection of Buddhist traditions (I.e. Zen, Pure Land, Nichiren, and Tibetan) that teach anyone can aspire to achieve awakening and thereby become a Bodhisattva (a potential Buddha). As it spread beyond India, it typically adopted the distinct local cultural characteristics of China (like Confucianism and Daoism), Japan, Mongolia, Tibet, and Korea.
A blend of two or more cultures or cultural traditions.
Japanese military leaders under the bakufu.
Pertaining to a social system in which the father is the head of the family.
A Japanese feudal lord in charge of an army of samurai.
In China, respect for one's parents and other elders.
A series of rulers from the same family.
In China, a method of breaking and binding women's feet was seen as a sign of beauty and social position and that confined them to the household.
Series of waterways in eastern and northern China built to enable successive Chinese regimes to transport surplus grain from the agriculturally rich Yangtze (Chang) and Huai river valleys to feed the capital cities and large standing armies in northern China.
Paper money that was first used in China in the 9th century AD. Originally it was called 'flying monkey' (fei-chien) because it could blow out of your hand. To start with it was used by merchants as a note of forwarding tax payments. Real paper money backed by deposited money started in the 10th century
The ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty; it was the last dynasty in China led by ethnic Hans.
The Japanese formal language term for ritual suicide. Hara-kiri is the common language term. Hara-kiri, which literally means "stomach cutting", is a particularly painful method of self-destruction.
The traditional Japanese religion based on veneration of ancestors and spirits of nature.
Large Chinese sailing ships especially designed for long-distance travel during the Tang and Song dynasties
Major form of Buddhism prevalent in Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos. The name literally means the Way of the Elders and is so named because of its strict adherence to the original teachings and rules of monastic discipline expounded by the Buddha.
Custom in Hinduism of a higher caste widow throwing herself on the funeral pyre of her husband.
Patrilineal clans that rose to prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries in large parts of India and some parts of Pakistan. Several of them played a significant role in many regions of central and northern India until the 20th century.
A philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism and Daoism.
In Asia, a seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in the summer and cooler, dry air from inland in winter.
The mode of life pertaining to persons living in seclusion from the world, under religious vows and subject to a fixed rule, such as monks, friars, and nuns. Some Buddhists and Christians continue the practice.
The 'divine wind" credited by the Japanese with preventing the Mongol invasion of Japan during the thirteenth century
Southeast Asians who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 C.E., they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana.
The rule of the shoguns.
The Mongol led dynasty of China from 1271 to 1368.
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