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ANTH 200 Final
Terms in this set (34)
What is international development?
a broad concept denoting the idea that societies and countries have differing levels of "development" on an international scale
Bretton Woods Organizations
the organizations created at the Bretton Woods conference. They include the World Bank, IMF, and later the GATT
Goals of international development?
- Economic growth
- Reducing poverty/increasing standard of poverty
United Nations development program
United Nations program dedicated to elimination of poverty through development
When was the first human development report?
What countries are in the top 5 of human development report?
Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Ireland and Germany
What countries are in the bottom 5 of human development?
Burundi, Chad, South Sudan, Central Africa Republic and Niger
What is sustainable development?
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
The Brundtland report
Published in 1987 in the influential report "Our Common Future" and created by World Commision on Environment and Development of the UN. Discusses sustainable development and the triple bottom line for the first time.
Triple bottom line
Development should focus on economic and social development, while protecting the environment
UN Millennium Development Goals
A set of goals and accompanying targets set by the UN, aimed at addressing poverty and inequality.
Critiques of UN Millennium development goals
- Too vague or hard to measure
- Not participatory
- Funds to debt/disaster relief, not development
UN Sustainable Development Goals
A universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
Critiques of UN Sustainable Development Goals
- Doesn't address human rights or require political reform
- Contains contradictions
What is conservation?
The act of protecting Earth's natural resources for current and future generation
Protected areas have environmental and human benefits
How much of the earth is protected?
- 15% of the terrestrial surface of the Earth
- 7.8% of the marine surface of the Earth
anthropology of tourism
Origins of tourism and effects/impacts of tourism
temporarily leisured person who voluntarily visits a place away from home for the purpose of experiencing a change
3 key factors of tourism
Leisure time, discretionary income and positive social sanctions
Types of tourism
Adventure, cultural, ecotourism, medical, religious, sex and Voluntourism
How much does Tourism generate?
generates 10% of the world's GDP
Effects of tourism
Destinations are forced to meet needs of tourists which causes dramatic & disruptive cultural change as well as environmental damage. Destination economies generally begin to depend on tourism
the practice and business of recreational travel based on concern for the environment
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system when considered over periods of decades
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Created in 1988, is an international panel that reports on how climate change influences biomes and economies
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
a 1992 treaty calling for the reduction of fossil fuel emissions to 1990 levels by 2000
an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance starting in the year 2020.
the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.
A specialization in anthropology that brings theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology to the study of human health and disease
What do medical anthropologists study?
- the meaning of health and healing in different communities
- the effects of social and economic inequalities on human health
- the relationship between human variation, human environment and human disease
a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage
Determinants of health
Factors that combine to affect the health of individuals and communities
What is a disaster?
An unexpected occurrence inflicting widespread destruction and distress and having long-term adverse effects on agency operations.
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