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AP Psychology Anxiety Disorders
Terms and stats dealing with anxiety disorders (types of psychological disorders)
Terms in this set (27)
An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension and worry
Can anxiety be good?
Yes, because it can save us from a dangerous situation and can help us get things done
Three features that distinguish normal anxiety from pathological anxiety
Irrational, uncontrollable, disruptive
Provoked by perceived threats that are exaggerated or nonexistent and the anxiety response is out of proportion to the actual importance of the situation
Person can't shut off the alarm reaction even when he/she knows it's unrealistic
Anxiety interferes with relationships, jobs, academic performance, and other every day activities
What is the most common psychological disorder?
How many people are affected by anxiety disorders in the US?
1 in 4
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Characterized by excessive, global and persistent symptoms of anxiety
Is evident from a very early age
Used by doctors to help diagnose GAD
GAD 7 scale
Sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity
Anxiety disorder in which a person experiences frequent and unexpected panic attacks
A fear of having a panic attack in a place in which escape would be difficult or impossible
Triple Vulnerability Model
States that if there's a biological predisposition towards anxiety, a low sense of control over potentially life threatening events and over sensitivity to physical sensations can make a person vulnerable to panic
Catastrophic cognition's theory
States that people with panic disorders are not only over sensitive to physical sensations, but they tend to catastrophize the meaning of their experience
A strong or irrational fear of something, usually of a specific object or situation that doesn't necessarily interfere with everyday life but may stop you from doing something you want to do
Specific/ simple phobia
A strong irrational fear of a specific object or situation that interferes with the ability to function in everyday life
Four categories of phobias
1. Fear of a particular situation (ex. elevators, bridges)
2. Fear of features of a natural environment (ex. water, thunderstorms)
3. Fear of injury or blood (ex. needles, dentist)
4. Fear of animals and insects (ex. spiders, cats)
OCD- obsessive compulsive disorder
Symptoms of anxiety are triggered by intrusive repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and urges to perform certain actions (compulsions)
Repeated intrusive and uncontrollable irrational thoughts or mental images that cause extreme anxiety and distress.
Many people with OCD have the irrational belief that failure to perform the actions will result in a catastrophic disaster.
Repeated behaviors or mental acts that are formed to prevent and reduce anxiety.
Can be overt or covert
Possible causes of OCD
Deficiency in the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin or dysfunction in the frontal lobe (you process things in an irrational way)
Social anxiety disorder
Involves extreme and irrational fear of being embarrassed, judged or scrutinized by others in social situations.
May be caused by conditioning and learning
PTSD- post traumatic stress disorder
Chronic and persistent symptoms of anxiety develop in response to an extreme physical or psychological trauma
How many Americans experience PTSD per year?
Three core symptoms of PTSD
1. Frequent intrusive recall of the event
2. Avoidance of stimuli or situations that may trigger the memory of the experience
3. Increased physical arousal associated with anxiety
Three factors that increase the likelihood of developing PTSD
1. Personal family history of psychological disorders
2. Magnitude of the trauma
3. Experiencing multiple traumas
Sets with similar terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 6: Panic, Anxiety, Obs…
Psych 223 - Test 2
Anxiety Based Disorders
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