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Kilgo, Chapter 2, Quizlet, 10-2-14
Terms in this set (34)
People: Leif Eriksson
In the year 1000 he was sailing from west Norway to Greenland when strong winds blew his ship off course and carried It to the North America coast.
People: Henry the Navigator
Henry was responsible for the advances that would make exploration more successful.
a device that enables navigators to learn their ships location by charting the position of the stars.
ships called caravels used triangular sails that unlike traditional square sails allowed ships to sail against the wind.
People: Christopher Columbus
A sailor form Genoa, Italy that sailed the Ocean in 1492 and reached present day north America.
Idea: Line of Demarcation
The imaginary line that divided the Atlantic ocean. Spain could claim all the land on the west side of the line.
Idea: Treaty of Tordesillas
This Treaty moved the line of demarcation 800 miles further west.
People: Ferdinand Magellan
In 1519 Magellan, a Portuguese navigator set out with a spanish fleet to sail down the east coast of South America. In 1522 the voyage's only remaining ship returned to Spain. Only 18 people from Magellan crew survived.
To go all the way around.
Idea: Columbian Exchange
The transfer know as the Columbian Exchange because it started with Columbus's explorations.
Soldiers who let military expeditions in America.
People: Hernan Cortez
Conquistador Cortes left Cuba to sail to present-day Mexico in 1519.
People: Montezuma II
Montezuma ruled a wealth land west of where Cortes was.
People: Francisco Pizarro
Conquistador Pizarro heard rumors of the Inca cites in the Andes of South America. Though he had less than 400 men in his army he captured the Incas and later killed them.
Idea: Encomienda System
This systems gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. In exchange, theses settlers were suppose to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity.
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