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Medical terminology for the Health Professions Chapter 2: The Human Body in Health and Disease
Terms in this set (72)
Lower Part of the Body
Disease, Suffering, Emotion
Acquired in a hospital setting.
Inherited from only one parent, the offspring will have that genetic condition or characteristic.
Contains the major organs of digestion.
The direction toward or nearer to the midline.
The primary role of the undifferentiated ____________ cells is to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found.
The genetic disorder that is characterized by a missing digestive enzyme.
The inflammation of a gland.
The outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the interior of the abdominal wall.
A fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity.
The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues.
Above the Stomach
Bell Button Area
Below the Ribs.
Below the Stomach
Refers to the entire lower portion of the abdomen.
The study of how traits are transferred from parents to their children and the role of genes in health and disease.
A specialist in the study of the outbreaks of disease.
Excrete their secretions through ducts.
The location of the stomach is ________ to the diaphragm.
The abdominal development of tissues and cells.
A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other.
An abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue
Incomplete development of an organ or tissue
The defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue.
The term meaning situated nearest to the midline or beginning of a body structure.
The term meanig situated in the back.
The body is divided into equal vertical left and right halves by the _________ plane.
Part of the elbow is formed by the ________ end of the humerus.
A generic abnormality that is associated with a characteristic facial appearance, cognitive impairment, and physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease.
The study of the functions of the structures of the body.
What the heart and the lungs are surrounded and protected by.
An unfavorable response to prescribed medical treatment, such as severe burns resulting from radiation therapy.
The genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell. These structures are made up of the DNA molecules containing the body's genes.
The surgical removal of a gland.
What are the word parts of the word: Adenectomy
Hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream by what?
Break up the word: Endocrine
A specialist in the study of the organization of tissues at all levels.
Break up the word: Histologist
Means located behind the peritoneum.
Retro- Periton -Eal
Break up the word: Peritoneum.
Specializes in the laboratory analysis of tissue samples to confirm or establish a diagnosis.
Break up the word: Pathologist
The study of the causes of diseases.
Break up the word: Etiology
Maintaining a constant internal environment.
Break up the word: Homeostasis
An outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly world wide.
Pan- Dem -Ic
Break up the word: Pandemic
The region located above the stomach.
Epi- Gastr -Ic
Break up the word: Epigastric
An illness without known cause.
Idi/o Path -Ic
Break up the word: Idiopathic
An outbreak of a disease that spread throughout a town.
The study of the structure and functions of cells
Malaria and the West Nile virus are spread by mosquitoes. What is this known as?
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