English for Medicine - Unit 11

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Terms in this set (30)
dignity(n) the state or quality of being worthy of respect (e.g., a doctor must respect a patient's dignity)ethical(adj) having a moral reason (e.g., ethical principle)informed consent(n) permission given by a patient (e.g., for a treatment) when in full knowledge of all the facts and possible consequencesjustice(n) behaviour and treatment towards people that is fair, reasonable and morally correctlegal regulation(n) a rule of order that has the force of law behind itmoral right(n) the rights and principles of a patient that must be respected when making decisions about their treatmentmulti-centre study(n) a clinical study carried out at more than one medical centreongoing(adj) still happening, existing or developingpaternalism(n) a practice whereby people are protected by those in authority, but without responsibility or freedom of choicepre-clinical testing(n) the stage before clinical trials begin, mainly to determine feasibility, drug safety, etc.public interest(n) the welfare and well-being of the general publicresearch governance(n) the necessary ethical standards and guidelines set out before medical research is undertakenresearch protocol(n) guidelines that determine how a study will be undertakenresearch subject(n) a participant taking part in a clinical trialresponsibility(n) an obligation to do somethingdecision(n) a choice that a person makesgain(v) to obtain something from someone else (e.g., to gain consent, to gain authorization)nonmaleficence(n) the avoidance of doing harmpatient identifiable information(n) information that is particular to a patient and could identify them as an individualstudy (published research)(n) a detailed scientific investigation and analysis of a given subject or situation