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Understanding Art, Lois Fichner-Rathus, 10th Edition.
Terms in this set (33)
The creation of images by exposure of a photosensitive surface to light.
Descriptive of a surface that is sensitive to light and therefore capable of recording images.
A transparent substance with at least one curved surface that causes the convergence or divergence of light rays passing through it. In the eye and the camera, lenses are used to focus images onto photosensitive surfaces.
In photography, a device for opening and closing the aperture of a lens so that the film is exposed to light.
A lens that is shaped and distanced from the photosensitive surface so that it produces large images of distant objects.
A lens that covers a wider angle of view than an ordinary lens.
A suspension of a salt of silver in gelatin or collodion used to coat film and photographic plates.
In photography, an exposed and developed film or plate on which values—that is, light and dark—are the reverse of what they are in the actual scene and in the print, or positive.
Color reversal film
Film from which color prints ("positives") are made directly, without the intervening step of creating negatives.
Color negative film
Film from which color negatives are made.
Photography that stores visual information electronically rather than on film.
In video and digital photography, the sharpness of a picture as determined by the number of lines or pixels composing the picture.
An early camera consisting of a large dark chamber with a lens opening through which an image is projected onto the opposite surface in its natural colors.
A photographic process in which bitumen is placed on a pewter plate to create a photosensitive surface that is exposed to the sun (from helios, Greek for "sun.")
A photograph made from a silver-coated copper plate; named after Louis Daguerre, the innovator of the method.
A photographic print that is made by placing a negative in contact with a sheet of photosensitive paper and exposing both to light so that the second sheet of paper acquires the image.
An early motion picture projector.
An early motion picture device patented by Thomas Alva Edison with which films could be viewed by looking through the window of a cabinet housing equipment, including light and a high-speed shutter used to create the illusion of movement.
The photographic art of creating motion pictures.
A cinematographic process in which action is made to appear fluid but slower than actual motion by shooting a greater than usual number of frames per second and then projecting the film at the usual number of frames per second.
To move a motion picture or video camera from side to side to capture a comprehensive or continuous view of a subject.
In cinematography and video, rearranging a film or video record to provide a more coherent or interesting narrative or presentation of the images.
In cinematography or video, selecting from multiple images of the same subject to advance a story.
In cinematography or video, shifting back and forth from one event or story line to another.
In cinematography and video, an interruption of the story line with the portrayal of an earlier event.
In cinematography and video, an interruption of the story line with the portrayal of a future event.
In cinematography and video, the gradual dimming or brightening of a scene, used as a transition between scenes.
In cinematography and video, a fading technique in which the current scene grows dimmer as the subsequent scene grows brighter.
In cinematography or video, the use of flashing, whirling, or abruptly alternating images to convey connected ideas, suggest the passage of time, or provide an emotional effect.
An unlimited view in all directions.
Creation of an animated cartoon; the photographing of a series of drawings, each of which shows a stage of movement that differs slightly from the previous one, so that figures appear to move when projected in rapid succession.
A catch-all term for several arts that use a video screen or monitor, including, but not limited to, commercial and public television, video art, and computer graphics.