The War on Poverty is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on Wednesday, January 8, 1964. This was part of his larger plan, called the Great Society. Johnson envisioned the country would become more equal and just. He say the apparent poverty in America a societal failure that could be changed with correct legislation. At the same time, the Vietnam war surged on millions of miles away. Johnson was determined to win the war, and deployed 500000 troops in 1968 to South Vietnam to fight. Also in America at this time, the civil rights movement was in full swing, with one of the most prominent leaders being Martin Luther King Jr.. King expressed him dissent for Johnson's involvement in the war in the speech "A Time to Break Silence", where he stated 5 demands of the US government in the war, including a ceasefire. In this speech he outlines how America is silent, how they sit idly by and watch America institute military law in Vietnam. I agree with King's statement. Johnson deployed these troops into a war zone, not even seeing the end and having no idea what could happen. Martin Luther King along with other leaders such as Gandhi, express the need to things to change, but propose the core principles of nonviolence, love and reconciliation. There was a problem in Vietnam, but it can be questioned if the solution is more fighting and bloodshed. Johnson was so focused on the war and poverty simultaneously that he deployed so much strength in the war and seemed to forget about the Americans struggling at home. "Balance and moderation... characterized Eisenhower's domestic record. But his middle-of-the-road policies pleased neither liberals nor conservatives." Write an essay either agreeing or disagreeing with this assessment. Back up what you say with as many specific facts as possible.
I disagree with the statement that Eisenhower was a middle-of-the-road president.
Eisenhower characterize himself as a liberal republic because he believed that both views, liberal and conservative, were necessary views.
When you attempt to cater to both sides you compromise the satisfaction from either side
Even if a policy established partly involves some of the policies the party wanted they will not be happy until they get all that they want
It is impossible to please everyone
During his presidency, Eisenhower managed Cold War-era tensions with the Soviet Union under the looming threat of nuclear weapons, ended the war in Korea in 1953
he faltered in the protection of civil rights for African Americans by failing to fully enforce the Supreme Court's mandate for the desegregation of schools in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Eisenhower believed that desegregation should proceed slowly
Conservatives are strongly against desegregation at this time in history and Eisenhower appointed chief of Justice Warren who made the decision to desegregate
Liberals enjoyed the government taking a stand on the issue of equality, however, it made the Liberals unhappy when Eisenhower failed to enforce the policy
1956, Eisenhower created the Interstate Highway System, the single largest public works program in U.S. history, which would construct 41,000 miles of roads across the country
This policy angered Republicans a little because Republicans believe that the government should not hold that much power, the power should be in the hands of the people
The interstate Highway system created a national set of roadways which had good intentions admired by both parties, yet Liberals and Conservatives are still at odds with each other for where they stand on the national system.
Eisenhower signed the National Defense Education Act into law
In domestic policy the President pursued a middle course, continuing most of the New Deal and Fair Deal programs, emphasizing a balanced budget. As desegregation of schools began, he sent troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to assure compliance with the orders of a Federal court; he also ordered the complete desegregation of the Armed Forces. "There must be no second class citizens in this country,"
All of the policies and acts that Eisenhower signed into law represent the ideals of a liberalist.
"While claiming to be the defender of law and order, the Nixon administration committed numerous illegal acts." He impeded the investigation into the Watergate burglary, tried to get private IRS information on individuals, directed the Secret Service and FBI to conduct investigations on and surveillance of particular individuals unrelated to national security, and lied to the court and the American people.
In June 1971, Daniel Ellsberg, a former Defense Department analyst, had leaked the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times. The papers were a secret chronicle of United States involvement in Vietnam. The papers began to be published, which revealed a long history of White House lies to Congress, foreign leaders, and the American people. Although the papers contained nothing about his administration, Nixon, fearing that they would undermine trusting the government and establish a precedent for publishing classified material, he sought to bear their publication. The Supreme Court ruled that they were protected by the First Amendment. Nixon directed the Justice Department to indict Ellsberg's psychiatrist in search of information to divert Ellsberg who became a hero to the anti-war movement. He authorized the creation of a "special investigations unit" dubbed the "Plumbers" to root out and seal media leeks. Soon the president's political rivals were recorded on Nixon's enemies list, including politicians, journalists, and Hollywood actors that could stop his reelection. They were harassed by the administration with tax audits and legal action. Prior to the 1972 election the Republicans created a Committee for the Reelection of the president or CRP. It was chaired by John Mitchell. The committee used questionable and illegal means to achieve their goal. For example, Mitchell kept a slush fund to subsidize information gathering on the Democrats. Ultimately a plan was approved to bug and steal information from the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel. On June 17, 1972, during the second of these break-ins, the burglars were arrested. The FBI discovered connections to the plumbers, so Nixon ordered his chief of staff Bob Haldeman to instruct the CIA to block further investigation into the finances behind the Water break-in. The cover-up began. The Nixon administration denied involvement in the burglary, but more clues led to the CRP. Everyone involved was arrested, but Nixon managed to be reelected for a second term in 1972. John Dean proves that Nixon knew about the cover-up. Nixon's assistant, Alexander Butterfield explosively revealed that Nixon installed recording devices throughout the White House. It was insignificant, but suspicions rose when he refused to release the tapes. The tapes were released, with 18 minutes of missing footage, which ultimately showed that Nixon knew about the cover-up since mid-1972. He was forced to step down or face impeachment. He resigned on August 8, 1974.