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34 terms

CH: 18 Emergencies, acute illness, accidents&recovery

emergencies, heart,acute illness,accidents&recovery
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3 terms used for a heart attack
coronary thrombosis
coronary occlusion
myocardial infarction
second degree burn
invloves the epidermis and part of the dermis, and forms a blister
abrasion
type of wound that involves a scrape of the epidermis with dots of blood, dirt and gravel
four minutes
number of minutes brain damage may reslut, from lack of oxygen
insidious
term used to describe the severity and length of time for onset of diseases or illness, when a situation is hidden, not apparent, or treacherous
seizures
severe involuntary contractions of the muscle that first cause the patient to become rigid and then to have uncontrolled movement
first hour
is so important in an emergency services that directly correlates with the prognosis and the possibility of recovery
acute
used to describe the onset of illness or disease where a situation has a rapid onset, severe symptons, and hort course
arterial
type of hemmorage that produces bright red blood ina spurts of blood
3 things to ask if someone calls regarding a possible poison injestion
what was taken
how much was taken
what time was it taken
crutches
mobility device used to give foot, ankle, knee, or leg injury or surgery and oppurtunity to heal
purpose of the office policy manual
porvides guidelines to follow when dealing with emergecies
bee sting treatment
scrape stinger out with a sharp object
dislocation treatment
immobilize it
foreign object in ear treatment
warm olive oil, baby oil
shock treatment
put patient in recumbent position with feet elevated, and cover with a blanket
epistaxis treatment
elevate head, pinch nostrils for 6 min, and use cold compress over nasal area
venous bleeding treatment
quickly apply pressure, and elevate portion of body
cold exposure treatment
slowly rewarm body part in water that is 103-105 degrees
fainting treatment
have patient lower head between legs ot lay down with feet elevated
hypoglycemia treatment
administer sugar
convulsion treatment
move objects away from patient, never restrain, and never place anything in patients mouth
strain/sprain
over use of a muscle or groups of muscles
flexibility excersises
increases muscle strength and makes body more flexible
range of motion
extend of flexibility
fracture
breaks in bone caused my trauma or disease
foreign body
object that becomes lodged in any part of the body
stroke
cardiovascular accident, caused by a broken blood vessel in the brain
syncope
fainting
diabetic coma
caused by increased amount of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia)
incident report
report used to document an accident or emergency
medical emergency
any situation in which a person suddenly becomes ill, or injured, calling for decided action
emergency kit
know how to use it
know how to prepare kit
check occasionally for missing items, and expiration dates
mobility devices
used for surgery patients, physically challenged, and injured persons