Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Review: Ch. 13: Age of Exploration
Terms in this set (33)
traveling around something (by ship or plane)- Magellan and Francis Drake
Line of Demarcation
An imaginary line that the Pope drew through the New World. The land east of the line belonged to Portugal; the land west of the line belonged to Spain.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Balance of Trade
the difference in value over a period of time of a country's imports and exports of merchandise
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Vasco De Gama
A Portuguese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean and India. (1498)
The Italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of America as a new world. America is named after him
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
Spanish explorer who completed Magellan's voyage.
Spanish conquistador who subdued the Incan Empire in 1533
Aztec chieftain; encountered Cortes and the Spanish and saw that they rode horses; Montezuma assumed that the Soanush were gods. He welcomed them hospitably, but the explorers soon turned on the natives and ruled them for three centuries.
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver.
The transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World(Caribbean) in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Discovered what today is known as the Hudson River. Sailed for the Dutch even though he was originally from England. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America.
Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.
Claimed Brazil for Portugal in 1500. He had intended to follow De Gama but was blown off course.
Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. (p. 428)
Last ruling Incan emperor of Peru. Executed by the Spanish (Pizarro)
Reasons for beginning of exploring.
God, Glory, and Gold. Spread Christianity and gain wealth.
Factors that allowed exploration to begin.
Main nations: Spain and Portugal
Others: England, France, Netherlands
Portugal- Africa and Indian Ocean
Spain- South America and Central America
How did the Conquistadors conquer the Aztecs and Incas?
Advanced weaponry and armor, horses, disease.
Incas- Civil War/ Disunity
Aztecs- Other Native American tribes aided conquistadors.
Results of the Age of Exploration
- Spain becomes a more powerful Empire
- African Slave trade
- Conquistadors push North
- Cultural destruction
Characteristics of Spanish, British, and French Colonies.
French- Central North America
English- East coast of North America
Spanish- Southern North America, Central America, and Western/ Majority South America.
Portuguese- Brazil/ Eastern South America
Why did slavery develop and what were its characteristics?
- Death of Native Americans, Europe needed new laborers.
- Transatlantic begins in 1500's.
Economic impact of Colonization.
Mercantilism- Portugal controlled 10% gold.
Balance of Trade
Joint Stock Companies- companies built from investors.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages
Recommended textbook explanations
World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
Anthony Esler, Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis
Modern World History
World History Human Legacy
Peter Stearns, Sam Wineburg, Susan Elizabeth Ramirez
This set is often in folders with...
World History French Revolution and Napoleon
Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment Review
BJU World History Chapter 15
Major WW2 Conferences
You might also like...
Age of Exploration
World History 19-20
History: Age of exploration test
Other sets by this creator
ELEG493 Exam 2 & 3
Eleg415 Exam 2
Mr. Kohl- World History Final
Bio Test- Ch. 8
Other Quizlet sets
Dịch thuật bài 1, 2
Unit 8: Theories of Nursing Practice
Comm Sciences and Disorders
FLASHCARDS ✨ Government A - The Electoral Process…