12 terms

U.S. History - Ch. 5 - Study Guide Section 3

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Making a New Government:
The ____________________ was held in __________ in 1787. The Convention leaders included: ___________, _________, & _____________.
Constitutional Convention
Philadelphia
James Madison
Ben Franklin
George Washington
___________ is considered the "Father of the Constitution."
James Madison
True/False. Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Patrick Henry were not present at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
True
The goal of the Constitutional Convention was to improve the _________________.
Articles of Confederation
The delegates of the Convention decided to create a new ___________________.
Constitution
True/False. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention did not agree on what should be done. Some wanted minor changes to the Articles of Confederation, while others wanted to rewrite them entirely.
True
The ________________ gave large states more representation because it was based on population. Small states worried about this because they feared the large states would have too much control.
Virginia Plan
The ______________ gave small states equal representation with the large states. The smaller states liked this because it gave them an equal voice in the federal government.
New Jersey Plan
The ______________ resolved the issue between the large and small states by creating a two-house legislature: The ___________ (Upper House) provided for 2 representatives from each state. The __________________ (Lower House) provided for representation based on population.
Great Compromise
Senate
House of Representatives
There was a regional debate over slavery: ______________ wanted slaves to be counted as part of their population, while ________________ wanted slaves counted only to determine taxes, but not for representation. The _______________ resolved this disagreement by counting three-fifths of a state's slave population when determining representation.
Southerners
Northerners
Three-Fifths Compromise
The U.S. Constitution created federalism and a balance of power:
It ensured ________________ (the idea that political authority resided in the people). It provided for ______________ (the sharing of power between the states and the federal government). It required each ____________ to obey the authority of the _____________________. It gave ___________ control over the functions not assigned to the federal government.
Popular Sovereignty
Federalism
state
federal government
states
The Constitution balanced power among three branches of government. Each branch was made responsible for separate tasks. The ___________ branch had the power to make laws. The ____________ branch had the power to carry out or enforce the laws. The ___________ branch had the power to interpret the laws. The framers of the Constitution created a system of ______________ to balance power between the 3 branches of government and to keep any one branch from becoming too powerful. For example, __________ has the power to pass bills into law. __________ can veto laws that are passed. And, the ____________ can strike down unconstitutional laws.
Legislative
Executive
Judicial
Checks and Balances
Congress
President
Supreme Court