AP Music Theory: Form
Terms and Symbols used on the AP Music Theory Exam
Terms in this set (53)
progression. occurs at close. e.g. perfect, plagal, deceptive..
prolongation/delay of cadence using extra material
brief conclusion with dominant-tonic cadence that can be repeated for emphasis.
shape of musical line
vocal point that contrasts with principal melody
Elision (phase elision)
simultaneous ending of one phase and beginning of another, articulated by the same pitches.
Fragment (fragmented motive)
small but recognizable part of motive
beginning of a piece
contrasting B section in an AABA 32 bar song form.
outer section of an AABA song form, similar musical material throughout
song form (AABA)
formal design associated with quaternary song form
transitional passage at the end of a section
I-I-I-I-IV-IV-I-I-V-IV-I-V chord progression
compositional technique in which a melodic line is repeated in longer note values. the opposite of diminution
pitches on successive degrees of the scale; opposite of disjunct
shortening of note values; opposite of augmentation
term used to describe intervals larger than a second; opposite of conjunct
breaking up motive into smaller fragments, any of which can be used for further development
lengthening of phrase between its beginning and end
melodic transformation in which successive intervals change direction
musical pattern that is stated successively at different pitch levels
(1) notating a score for transposing instruments so that pitches will sound correctly in concert key (2) rewriting a section of music at a different pitch level. (3) adding or subtracting a constant to pitches or pitch classes in integer notation.
cutting off melody or motive before it ends
the smallest recognizable musical idea
musical unit usually with 2 phrases
first phrase of a period, ends with an inconclusive period
2nd phrase of period. usually ends with strong harmonic conclusions (authentic cadence)
period in which 2 phrases don't share the same initial melodic material
period in which two phrases share the same beginning melodic material
three or more phrases with tonal and/or thematic design elements that group them together as a unit
section of a song that recurs with same music/text
formal design of composition organized in 2 sections. usually each section is repeated
binary form in which melodic or motivic features in the initial phrase return at the end of each piece.
A composition divided into three sections, outer sections usually consist of the same musical material, while the inner section features contrasting musical qualities creating an overall ABA form
solo: one person
soli: the section
song form where more than one strophe of text is sung to the same music
theme and variation
A variation set based on a given theme, in which each variation differs in melody, rhythm, key, mode, length, texture, timbre, character, style or motive.
change theme using permutation, augmentation, diminution, fragmentation
A composition organized so that each section consists of different music, with little or no previous material recurring as the work progresses
a section of song that returns with same music but different text