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36 terms

ch13

STUDY
PLAY
As a rule, hormone concentrations are controlled by
negative feedback mechanisms.
Beverage alcohol causes an increase in urine production by
inhibiting the secretion of ADH.
Which of the following hormones exerts its effect primarily upon the reproductive organs?
follicle-stimulating hormone
Which of the following hormones requires a releasing hormone from the hypothalamus for its secretion?
prolactin
Addison's disease
a)results in low blood pressure.
b)is caused by hyposecretion of cortical hormones.
c)is characterized by decreased blood sodium and increased blood potassium levels.
D)ALL OF ABOVE ANSWER
An example of a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla is
none of the above
Oxytocin is sometimes administered to women following childbirth to stimulate
uterine contractions.
Insulin causes
a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose.
Cushing's syndrome is
A)a cause of high blood glucose and sodium concentrations.
B)a cause of a great decrease in tissue protein.
C)caused by hypersecretion of cortical hormones.
D)ANSWER all of the above
A hormone is defined as a ______ and the target cell is defined as _______.
substance that has a metabolic effect on another cell; a cell that possesses specific receptors for hormone molecules
A steroid hormone acts on a target cell by
directly causing protein synthesis.
As a result of the general response to stress, the blood concentrations of epinephrine
and cortisol rise.
Target cells for releasing hormones are in the
anterior pituitary gland.
Another name for antidiuretic hormone is
vasopressin.
Various anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, that are used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis act by inhibiting the production of
prostaglandins.
Nonsteroid hormones act upon their target cells by causing
the activation of adenylate cyclase.
Where are the hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary made?
in the hypothalamus
Cortisol acts to
stimulate the production of glucose from noncarbohydrates.
Aldosterone promotes the homeostasis of ions by causing the kidneys to
conserve sodium and excrete potassium.
A nonsteroid hormone acts on a target cell by
causing a second messenger to be formed.
Hyperparathyroidism
A)causes bones to become soft and subject to spontaneous fractures.
B)is most often caused by a tumor.
C)stimulates excessive osteoclast activity.
D)ANSWER all of the above
The secretion of parathyroid hormone is controlled primarily by the
thyroid gland.
The blood concentration of growth hormone
rises at puberty and levels off after adolescence.
Thyroxine functions to
enhance the rate at which proteins are synthesized.
The condition called diabetes insipidus is caused by
a lack of ADH.
The hormones that causes calcium to be deposited in bone is
calcitonin.
Treatment of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus usually involves
A) maintaining desirable body weight.
B) controlling the diet.
C) exercising regularly.
D) all of the above ANSWER
Cretinism results from
A) hypothyroidism in an adult.
B) a deficiency of thyroid hormones at birth.
C) hyperthyroidism in an adult.
D) ANSWER none of the above --> comes from diet deficient in Iodine
Which of the following is secreted by nerve fibers in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
antidiuretic hormone
In the treatment of diabetes mellitus, the blood test for hemoglobin A is used to measure
blood glucose concentration.
The pancreas functions as part of the endocrine system and as a part of the ______ ______
digestive system
All hormones are
organic compounds.
Which of the following has both endocrine and exocrine functions?
pancreas
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which regulates the formation of melanin, is produced by the
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
Growth hormone
A) increases the rate of fat metabolism.
B) enhances the movement of amino acids into cells.
C) increases the rate of protein synthesis.
D)ANSWER all of the above
The hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone is called _____ _______-_______ _________
growth-hormone- releasing factor