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5081 Praxis Study Set
High School History loading.
Terms in this set (77)
Which of the following best describes the Eastern Woodland peoples, such as the Iroquois and Algonquin, before European colonization?
Agriculturalists who supplemented their diet with hunting and gathering
Which of the following was the primary source of agricultural labor in the British colonies in North America during the early years of colonization until the 1660s?
Indentured servants from Great Britain
During Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, those who protested against the leadership of the colony were chiefly
small farmers who wanted to settle on Native American lands
Which of the following caused Spanish, British, and French forces to fight wars in North America prior to the American Revolution?
Select all that apply.
Disputes about controlling territory in the colonies
Religious and cultural differences among colonists of different nationalities
International tensions caused by competing alliances among the three nations
Which of the following accusations did colonists make against King George III and the British Parliament in the Declaration of Independence?
Frustrating the working of representative government and the law in the colonies
Frustrating the working of representative government and the law in the colonies
French colonists were more likely to pursue trade in furs with Native Americans and to intermarry with them.
Which of the following was an immediate cause of the sale of the Louisiana Territory to the United States in 1803?
The French could no longer afford the territory after the loss of its sugar colonies in the Caribbean
Tenement housing in the United States was a response to which of the following developments in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
Industrialization and urbanization
Between circa 1820 and 1840, the growing economy of the United States relied primarily on which of the following for transportation of goods between regions?
Privately built roads and railroads as well as water transport, including canals
Which of the following issues caused both the Whig and Democratic Parties to split internally in the 1850s along sectional lines?
The extension of slavery to newly acquired territories
Which of the following strategies did the Union attempt as it sought to defeat the South during the American Civil War?
Select all that apply.
Blockading all major Southern ports to disrupt commerce, especially in cotton, the proceeds of which could be used to fund the purchase of military supplies
Capturing and controlling the Mississippi River in an effort to cut the South in half and damage Southern efforts to keep troops resupplied
Campaigning to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond and destroy the secessionist government of the South
Former slaves who could not afford to buy land during Reconstruction often turned to which of the following?
Which of the following initiatives was a Progressive Era response to the threat of environmental degradation?
The creation of the national park system
In the late nineteenth century, economic development in the southern United States was largely characterized by
a continued reliance on agriculture and related enterprises
Which of the following supported the unequal treatment of African Americans in the United States throughout the late nineteenth century and the twentieth century?
Jim Crow laws
Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were all advocates for the claim that
women should be granted the same voting rights as men
Which of the following most directly allowed early factories in the United States to appear outside the mill towns of New England?
The main goal of the Civilian Conservation Corps was to provide
public work relief to young men during the Great Depression
Immigrants who settled in large cities in the United States between 1890 and 1914 primarily came from which of the following regions?
Southern and eastern Europe
Which of the following describes an effect of the First World War on civil liberties in the United States before 1920?
Laws on espionage and sedition were expanded to target anti-American language and behavior.
The enactment of the New Deal programs in the 1930s could best be characterized as reflecting a popular belief that
the federal government should provide assistance to people in times of economic distress
The post-Second World War United States foreign policy that called for supporting European countries against communist invasions or communist revolutions was the
The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961 and the invasion of Panama in 1989 are examples of attempts by the United States to
eliminate unfriendly governments in the Western Hemisphere
"You may well ask: 'Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn't negotiation a better path?' You are quite right in calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored."
Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" (1963)
Question: Of the following, which is a strategy reflected in the passage above that the Civil Rights movement used to obtain racial equality?
Peaceful civil disobedience to obtain social change
The elections of Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, and Jimmy Carter as president in the 1960s and 1970s provide evidence for
the growing electoral power of Sun Belt states
In the decade after the end of the Cold War, United States foreign policy was most strongly characterized by which of the following?
A focus on expanding economic prosperity through globalization and free trade
Which of the following most likely led to the shift in human societies from hunting and gathering to agriculture beginning circa 8,000 B.C.E. ?
Which of the following regions was the first to develop settled agriculture?
Which of the following was a direct result of the Neolithic Revolution?
The growth of agricultural communities
Which of the following was most significant in allowing river valley civilizations to flourish?
Agricultural production from relatively enriched soils
Which of the following significantly contributed to the decline of both the Western Roman Empire and the Han dynasty?
Nomadic invasions and internal unrest
Which of the following best characterizes the political structures of the Greek city-states of Sparta and Athens in the classical period (circa 510 B.C.E. to 323 B.C.E.) ?
Sparta was a military encampment that required citizens to serve as soldiers most of their lives; Athens was a limited democracy in which citizens participated in government, including the military, but performed other work too.
Which of the following resulted from the Bantu migrations in sub-Saharan Africa from circa 500 B.C.E. to 1000 C.E.?
The southward spread of agricultural cultivation and the domestication of animals
Confucianism developed as a system of thought in China primarily in response to
the instability and political crises brought about by frequent regional conflict during the Warring States period
Which of the following led to Islam becoming the dominant religion in Indonesia from circa 1600 C.E. to the present?
Indonesians' trade with Arab and Persian merchants across the Indian Ocean
Which of the following was an effect of the Mongol conquests under Genghis Khan and his successors during the thirteenth century?
The revival of trade along the Silk Road
Which of the following best describes the political organization of Maya civilization circa 300-700 C.E.?
A collection of independent city-states
Which of the following contributed to the spread of Islam into East Africa before 1450 C.E.?
Cultural diffusion along Indian Ocean trade routes
Which of the following statements best describes the environmental consequences of the Columbian Exchange?
Native American populations were decimated by diseases spread through contact with Europeans.
Which of the following is a similarity between Christianity in western Europe and Islam in the Middle East before 1000 C.E.?
Both were strongly influenced by Judaism.
"Upon this a question arises: whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with."
Question:The thought of which of the following Renaissance thinkers is expressed by the passage above?
Which of the following did Louis XIV of France and Peter the Great of Russia have in common as monarchs?
Both rulers distrusted the people of the noble class and forced them to live in close proximity to their royal courts.
Which of the following best describes a major effect of plantation agriculture in the Americas during the period 1500 to 1700?
Africans involuntarily migrated to South America.
Which of the following was an important effect of the Protestant Reformation in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?
Increased literacy in predominately Protestant states
Which of the following were important causes of the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905?
The inadequacy of the Trans-Siberian Railroad as a military supply line for Russia
The more advanced industrialization of Japan compared to that of Russia
Which of the following statements regarding the circumstances of Canada, Australia, and South Africa within the British Empire during the nineteenth century is most true?
All three regions contained a large proportion of European settlers and had considerable autonomy.
Which of the following effects of the Industrial Revolution most likely influenced Karl Marx's development of the Communist Manifesto?
The widening socioeconomic gap between factory owners and factory workers
Why did the European revolutions of 1848 fail in the years immediately following the uprisings?
Military repression and the splitting of labor and the middle class by elites restored authoritarian regimes
Which of the following countries has had a woman president or prime minister?
The rapid economic growth of Japan in the 1970s and 1980s and, slightly later, of the group of countries that were known as the Asian Tigers (South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan) was largely a result of
government-backed industrialization, high tariffs on imported goods, and export of manufactured goods
Which of the following was the most important contributing factor to the outbreak of the Iranian Revolution in 1979?
The desire to restore Islamic fundamentalist theology as a political force
Which of the following was an effect of the collapse of centralized communist governments on Eastern Europe in 1989?
Ethnic conflict as a result of deep historical tensions
An election in which voters are not required to be members of a political party to vote for party candidates is known as
an open primary
Which of the following was an argument made by the Anti-Federalists against the ratification of the Constitution?
The Constitution failed to protect individual rights.
Which of the following is a function of standing committees?
They allow members of Congress to gain expertise in specific policy areas.
Which of the following powers does the Constitution grant to the president?
Which of the following philosophers argued that the protection of private property is a central function of governments?
Which of the following terms describes the process by which bureaucrats interpret the meaning of laws and decide how they should be implemented?
Which of the following is the best example of an application of the full faith and credit clause?
The state of Connecticut recognizes marriage licenses from all other states.
Which of the following is a widely shared belief in political culture in the United States?
Participating in elections is an important civic duty.
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty focusing on the issue of
Which of the following are most common in states that use proportional representation electoral systems?
If a state's population increases, its representation in Congress is most likely to change in which of the following ways?
The state will gain representation in the House only.
The framers of the Constitution argued that judicial independence would be best protected by
life tenure with good behavior
Media coverage of elections that primarily focuses on which candidates are ahead and behind in the polls is referred to as
horse race journalism
Which of the following best summarizes Thomas Hobbes' argument in favor of a strong central government?
Anarchy can only be avoided by entering into a social contract enforced by a sovereign.
Articles of Confederation
United States Constitution
(AC) Expanded territory through the Northwest Ordinance (1787)
Established a unicameral legislature
(USC) Gave Congress the power to regulate interstate trade
Established a bicameral legislature
Which of the following is a difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives?
The Senate is governed by fewer formal rules than the House is.
Voter turnout is typically highest in which of the following elections?
Presidential general elections
Interest groups regularly engage in which of the following activities?
Filing amicus curiae briefs
Donating to electoral campaigns
Which of the following best describes a system in which powers are distributed between the national and subnational governments?
Selective incorporation is the process by which
certain Bill of Rights protections have been applied at the state level
Political polarization is best described as a process in which
individuals' political preferences increasingly resemble those of the political parties they are affiliated with
Which of the following best characterizes the Supreme Court's ruling in Griswold v. Connecticut?
Married couples have certain privacy rights that legislatures may not violate.
The Federalist papers were written in support of
the ratification of the Constitution
Which of the following is an example of pork-barrel politics?
Directing federal funds to a representative's district through legislation
The drawing above most closely illustrates which of the following?
Separation of powers
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