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29 terms

Chapter 12 Vocab

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tepuis
a chain of high plateaus near the Guiana Highlands
Llanos
a plains area in Northeast Colombia and western Venezuela
Gran Chaco
a hunting land between the Andes and the Brazilian Highlands
Pampas
wide grasslands in Argentina
tree line
the line of elevation above which trees do not grow
El Nino
an event in which the eastern Pacific Ocean is warmer and the climate is much wetter than normal
La Nina
when Pacific waters are colder than normal
tar sands
rock or sand layers that contain oil
Andes
South America's greatest mountain range
Altiplano
an elevated plain between the Andes' two great mountain ranges
Guiana Highlands
ancient eroded highlands in southern Venezuela
Brazilian Highlands
highlands which extend inland along Brazil's southeastern coast
Amazon River
the world's largest river in volume
Patagonia
a semiarid landform south of the Pampas which stretches all the way to Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
an island divided between Argentina and Chile
Orinoco River
one of South America's great river systems, which drains the western Guiana Highlands and the Llanos, and empties into the Atlantic Ocean
Parana River
the longest river in South America, which flows into the Rio de la Plata estuary between Argentina and Uruguay
Rio de la Plata
an estuary between Argentina and Uruguay
Atacama Desert
the driest region of South America, in northern Chile and southern Peru
minifundia
small farms with poor land
Mercosur
an organization to expand trade, improve transportation, and reduce tariffs among member countries
ranchos, callampas, favelas
Venezuelan, Chilean, and Brazilian names for slums that surround major cities
landlocked
when a country has no border on the ocean
terrorism
the use of fear and violence as a political force
Chibcha
a native group of the Colombian Andes
Inca
South America's greatest early civilization
latafundia
large estates spread across the Pampas
buffer state
a country between two larger, more powerful countries
manioc
a tropical plant with starchy roots