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Registered Behavior Technician Exam
Terms in this set (70)
A variety of methods to identify targets for behavior change. Direct observation, interview, checklist, tests
Skill assessment that involves direct observation of the client and tests.
Skill assessment that involves interviews and checklists conducted by others. (parents, teachers, etc)
Functional Behavior assessment (FBA)
Systematic method of assessment for obtaining information about the purposes a problem behavior serves for a person.
A condition of an experiment in which the intervention has not been introduced
Stimulus Preference Assessment
Variety of procedures used to determine the item that the client prefers.
An environmental condition that occurs prior to the behavior of interest.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
A group of complex neurodevelopment disorders.
An act that can be clearly defined and observed. Examples include: laughing, crying, jumping, smiling etc.
A stimulus change that follows a behavior of interest.
Events that are not observable: thoughts, feelings, emotions. Only the person who has them can "observe" them.
refers to the extent to which target behaviors are appropriate, intervention procedures are acceptable, and important significant changes in target and collateral behaviors are produced
Socially significant behavior
Behaviors that have immediate and long term benefits for the person engaging in them.
Basic unit of analysis in analysis of behavior—antecedent-behavior-consequence
Functions of behavior
All behavior has a purpose, thus a function: to get something, to escape something, to gain attention or to entertain oneself
Escape or Avoidance
function of behavior that is motivated by desire to get away from a situation
function of behavior that is motivated by desire for attention from another person
Behaviors that are internally reinforcing. They happen independently of the external environment. They reduce boredom or stress.
Behaviors that grant access to an item or desired activity. (Child screams for candy in store: given candy)
Strategies that change a person's behavior by manipulating conditions that precede the behavior.
As a consequence after the behavior has occurred, the response you have will either increase the likelihood of that behavior occurring again, or decrease the likelihood.
Reinforcing a behavior in the presence of one stimulus while not reinforcing in the presence of another stimulus. Combines extinction and reinforcement into one procedure
Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior (DRA)
Reinforcement is delivered for a behavior that servers as a desirable alternative to the behavior targeted for reduction and withheld following instances of problem behavior
Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior (DRI)
Reinforcement is delivered for a behavior that is incompatible with the behavior targeted for reduction and withheld following problem behavior
differential reinforcement of successive approximations of a target behavior until the person exhibits the target behavior
any behavior that resembles the desired behavior or takes the person closer to the desired behavior
The results of measurement, usually in quantifiable form
the amount of time in which something occurs
The number of times the behavior occurs.
Presence or absence of the target behavior within an interval (Whole or partial)
Time between the delivery of a stimulus and the response
Record if behavior occurs once during the timeframe. Timed data collection that overestimates behavior.
Frequency of behavior/ number of opportunities x100
Ratio of number of times a behavior occurs per unit of time
Record when target behaviors occur
a procedure used to record behavior only if it consistently occurred the entire interval
Assigning numbers to the different types of prompts based on how much assistance the therapist is providing
Taking data on problem behaviors. ABC data records: What happened before the problem behavior (A),what the problem behavior was, (B) and what happened right after the behavior (C)
moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior.
Multiple Relationships and conflict of interest
refers to any situation where multiple roles exist between a therapist and a client. Examples of dual relationships are when the client is also a student, friend, family member, employee or business associate of the therapist.
Behavior analysts do not use or take advantage of any person over whom they have supervisory, evaluative, or other authority such as students, supervisees, employees, research participants and clients
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The goal of the law is to make it easier for people to keep health insurance and protect confidentiality and security of healthcare information.
Establishes national standards to protect individuals' medical records and other personal health information that applies to health plans, and those health care providers that conduct transactions electronically.
mandated reporters are people who have regular contact with vulnerable people and are therefore legally required to ensure a report is made when abuse is observed or suspected.
A behavior that was previously reinforced no longer results in the reinforcement, thereby decreasing or eliminating negative behaviors.
The behavior which was previously reinforced might increase in frequency, duration and/or intensity before there is a decrease
A behavior that the person would not have engaged in before while engaging in the target behavior. These behaviors can be aggressive or more emotional
Tendency for the behavior to occur again in situations that are like those in which it occurred before extinction. If there is no reinforcement the behavior will not last long.
Provide reinforcement for every occurrence of the target behavior.
Provide reinforcement for some, but not all occurrences of the behavior.
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the removal of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions. Anything that you remove from the environment to increase the probability of that behavior happening again in the future.
Intermittent Schedules of Reinforcement
A rule specifying the environmental arrangements and response requirements for reinforcement; a description of a contingency of reinforcement. Tells you when to deliver reinforcement
Fixed Interval (FI)
Reinforces the first response after a fixed amount of time.
Fixed Ratio (FR)
Completion of a constant number of responses
Variable Interval, (VI)
Reinforces the first response after a changing amount of time.
Variable Ratio (VR)
Completing a changing number of responses.
A system of behavior modification based on the systematic reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or "tokens" that can be exchanged for other reinforcers.
Occurs when a stimulus change immediately follows a response and increases the future frequency of that type of behavior in similar conditions.
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions. Anything that you add to the environment to increase the probability of that behavior happening again in the future
A stimulus change that increases the future frequency of a behavior without prior pairing with any other reinforcement. Ex: food, water, sleep, comfort..
When a previously neutral stimulus acquires the ability to function as a reinforcer through stimulus-stimulus paring with one or more unconditioned or conditioned reinforcers. Ex: money, tokens, air miles, praise, coupons, etc.
Discrete trial teaching
a method of teaching in simplified and structured steps. Instead of teaching an entire skill at once, it is broken down and built back up using trials that teach one step at a time.
Natural Environment Teaching
creating opportunities that increase child's motivation to learn something, within the natural environment
A demand or a request. (Expressive)
a label (Expressive)
repeating something that is heard (Expressive)
(Expressive) Response to the language of others.
(Receptive) Instructor models the action and learner imitates the action.
(Receptive) Instructor gives verbal cue or direction
Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)
All forms of communication other than oral. Symbols, pictures, facial expressions, etc
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