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Registered Dietitian Exam Prep
Terms in this set (25)
During weight gain, a patient is likely in a state of:
Anabolism, a positive nitrogen balance
What is the average caloric and protein need for:
Infants up to 6 months
Infants 6-12 months
Infants up to 6 months: 108 kcal/kg/day; 2.2g pro/kg/day
Infants 6-12 months: 98 kcal/kg/day; 1.6g pro/kg/day
True or False?
Is it normal for an infant to plateau in weight, length, or head circumference for more than 1 month.
False: Every month in infancy there should be an increase in both weight and length. This is a warning of growth deficiencies.
If a stove was purchased as $12,500 and is anticipated to last 5 years, what is its annual depreciation with a residual value of $800?
$2,340 annual depreciation
$12,500 - $800 = $11,700
$11,700 / 5 years = $2,340 depreciation/year
Define overrun. How is it measured?
Increased volume when ice cream is agitated during the freezing process. It is measured by the weight of the product. (100% overrun is the maximum desired while 80% is recommended.)
While fasting, where does the body synthesize glucose from once glycogen stores are depleted?
Lipids are metabolized and ketone bodies are formed. This allows for preservation of muscle mass and prevents the complications of protein deficiency.
Recall the grades for meat in order of quality:
U.S Prime (Highest quality)
* Grades made based off of marbling, color, firmness, texture, and maturity of the animal.
A precursor for Vitamin A:
* Converted in the small intestine
Define osteoclast and osteoblast:
Together, osteoclasts and osteoblasts control the amount of bone tissue.
Osteoblasts forms the bone
Osteoclast resorbs the bone
* Resorption: the destruction or loss of bone
Recall the different types of flour and their estimated protein contents:
Gluten flour = 41% protein
Hard wheat = 12% protein
All Purpose = 11% protein
Pastry flour = 10% protein
Self-rising = 9% protein
Cake flour = 8% protein
* A higher protein content creates a harder, tougher bread.
If the entrée preparation team can prepare 19 entrees in 15 minutes, how many entrees can they make in 3 hours?
19 x 4 = 76 entrees/hour
76 entrees x 3 hours = 228 entrees
How much protein is recommended for a 130lb female?
130lb = 59kg
0.8g x 59kg = 47.2g
Which of the following is a false statement?
A. A phospholipid
B. An emulsifier
C. A constituent of cell membranes
D. An essential fat
D. An essential fat
*Lecithin is not essential
What can you do to increase a child's feeding acceptance?
Involve both the parents and child in the changes. Help make everyone involved comfortable. Be open to suggestions.
Compare the nutritional content of the egg white and egg yolk within a single egg:
Egg white: Contains more protein and B vitamins
Egg yolk: Contains cholesterol, iron, and fat-soluble vitamins. Also contains lecithin, making it a great emulsifier. Hass less protein than the egg white
Recall the different physiological causes of the 3 types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 1: Destruction of insulin-producing cells of pancreas. (10% of cases - insulin dependent)
Type 2: Body is unable to produce enough insulin, body cannot utilize the insulin, or both. (90% of cases - insulin resistant)
Gestational: CHO intolerance beginning at start of pregnancy.
In this type of purchasing, organizations consolidate buying power with one another to increase volume purchased for a lower cost. What is this called?
* Example: Several hospitals in a metropolitan area combining their purchases for a reduced cost.
An organization's view of the future:
* The vision statement is used to provide clear decision-making criteria and inspiration.
The scope of a person's knowledge or ability.
* It is very important to demonstrate competence when counseling patients.
Pernicious anemia is caused by a lack of:
Vitamin B12 or folate
* Pernicious anemia is slow, aggressive and potentially life threatening. Folic acid fortification in food may mask the symptoms of a Vitamin B12 deficiency.
Recall the necessary concentration, temperature, and immersion time to effectively sanitize with chlorine:
Concentration = 50ppm
Temperature = 75 degrees F to 115 degrees F
Immersion Time = 7 seconds
The statement, "All patients will be screened within48 hours of admission" is an example of:
Which ingredients affect ice crystal formation?
Sugar, gelatin, milk solids, fats and emulsifiers.
* A high amount of dried milk solids can create a grainy texture. Increased fat creates a smoother product by decreasing the formation of ice crystals.
Compare the amount of fat in ground beef, ground chuck, and ground round:
Ground beef = < 30% fat
Ground chuck = < 25% fat
Ground round = < 20% fat
This part of the digestive system lies between the esophagus and the stomach, allowing food to pass from the esophagus into the stomach.
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