27 terms

Medieval english 4

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Alliteration
Repeating a consonant sound in close proximity to others; beginning several consecutive words with the same vowel or consonant.
Alliterative Revival
A surge in the production of alliterative poetry composed in the second half of the 14th century in England.
Anglo-Saxon/Old English
A group of tribes who moved to England from northern parts of Europe. Anglo-Saxon also refers to the language known as Old English; the language spoken by these tribes.
Assonance
Repeating a vowel sound anywhere within the neighboring words of a poem.
Bob-and-wheel
A metrical device in alliterative-verse poetry; the first short line of rhyme is known as the "bob" and the following four lines make up a quatrain called the "wheel." The rhyme scheme is ABABA.
Comitatus
Code of loyalty; kings and thanes were tied by an oath of fidelity to one another. The thanes served as the king's warriors and, in return, were rewarded with elaborate gifts.
Consonance
Repeating a consonant sound anywhere in the neighboring words of a poem.
Elegy
A mournful, melancholic or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
Folkloric Motif
Recurring patterns of imagery or narrative that appears in folklore or folktales.
Four Elements in Medieval Alchemy
Fire, Air, Water, Earth
Four Humors
Four bodily humors or liquids that determine a human's health and psychological well-being: blood, phlegm, black bile (tears), yellow bile (choler). Many of the powders and ointments used to treat these "diseases" were toxic and ended up killing the patient. Renaissance people took the doctrine of humors seriously. Soon, any person who had a personality traits that seemed eccentric began to be referred to as a "humor;" as such, a "humor character" was a flat character in whom a single passion predominated.
Frame Narrative
The result of inserting one or more small stories within the body of a larger story that encompasses the smaller ones. Often this term is interchangeable with the literary technique and the larger story itself that contains the smaller ones. (Examples: Canterbury Tales; The Decameron - "Federigo and his Falcon")
Fraternity
Brotherhood; a close social bond among the men of the tribe
Great Vowel Shift
A change in the pronunciation of English (especially concerning the vowels) that occurred between 1400 and 1450.
Kenning
A form of compounding in Old English; creating a new compound word or phrase to describe an object. Example: whale-road = sea; sky's candle = sun.
Kinship
Relationship between an individual and the other members of a tribe; trace of ancestry through male relatives
Lament
A formulaic expression of grief or sorrow for the loss of a person, position, or culture; it is typically non-narrative.
Leitmotif: Originally a music term referring to a musical theme associated with a particular object, character, or emotion (ex. Peter and the Wolf, Jaws). The literature leitmotif refers to an animal, phrase, or thing associated with a character, setting, or event (ex. The GREEN Knight).
Mead
Alcoholic beverage made with honey
Medieval Romance
Also called chivalric romance. This type of romance dealt with chivalry and the adventures of knights in warfare as they rescue fair maidens and confront supernatural challenges. These romances are "episodic" meaning the plot can be a knight's primary quest or it may include small, short adventures along the hero's journey to the larger quest.
Middle English
The version of English spoken after the Norman Conquest.
Paganism
Worship or belief in something/gods other than those of the main world religions
Polytheism
Worship of or belief in multiple deities usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.
Scop
An Anglo-Saxon oral poet who often accompanied himself with a lyre; considered the most talented storyteller, entertainer, and historian in the tribe. Recited stories, focused on values of society, from memory
Sutton Hoo
The town in England in which an Anglo-Saxon warship was uncovered in an archeological dig n 1939.
Vernacular Art
art that is made by and for ordinary people in their native language.
Wergild
Literally translates to "man-payment."A legally binding arrangement in which a fee was paid to the family of a slain man to atone for the murder and prevent the family from seeking revenge.
Wyrd
fate or destiny, as determined by the god.
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