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subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. ~ of European history; CF. beautiful
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler;a person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge : [as adj. ] a ~ approach to science. CF. delight
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. ~ing power
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. ~ prediction/need of food
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ~ed him. N. ostracism
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue ~ed my hand.
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. -pid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
command; order; forbid; aw prohibit someone from performing (a particular action) by issuing an injunction.
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general ~ed his men to fight bravely; N. -tation
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. un~ed pottery
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil ~; V: give bodily form to; embody
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
rising like bristles; showing irritation; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a ~ beard.; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard. 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard.2 figurative aggressively brisk or tense : he fills the screen with a restless, ~ energy.
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been ~ed.
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was ~ed by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. ~ in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in ~; Ex. exchange ~es about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. ~ oneself on; CF. prune
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. ~ living condition/life
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. ~ing effect of uninteresting work; Ex. ~ free expression
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. ~ lines; Ex. ~ life of the Romans; N. -lary: ~ person
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
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