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149 terms

GRE General Set 18

STUDY
PLAY
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ~dirt/prejudice
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. ~ limp
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote
unguent
ointment; a soft greasy or viscous substance used as an ointment or for lubrication.
sift
put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. ~ the election
kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. ~ of European history; CF. beautiful
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my ~ hope
defection
desertion
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.; with the head foremost : he fell headlong into the tent.
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
pitfall
hidden danger; concealed trap
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler;a person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge : [as adj. ] a ~ approach to science. CF. delight
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. ~ demands
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. ~ing power
appellation
name; title
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone ~.
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. ~ the situation
baffle
frustrate; perplex
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
blase
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. ~ prediction/need of food
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. ~ side of city life
hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. ~ed down in the mud
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
horde
crowd; swarm
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ~ed him. N. ostracism
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
vigilant
watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue ~ed my hand.
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. ~ to the illness
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
import
significance; importance; meaning
disinclination
unwillingness
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. -pid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
buffoonery
clowning
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
enjoin
command; order; forbid; aw prohibit someone from performing (a particular action) by issuing an injunction.
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general ~ed his men to fight bravely; N. -tation
rout
put to ~; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. ~ worker
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
versatile
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
nourishment
something that nourishes; food
adherent
supporter; follower
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. un~ed pottery
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil ~; V: give bodily form to; embody
expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. ~ philosophy
abscission
cutting off; separation
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
vying
contending; CF. vie
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: ~ person; N. profligacy
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
pecuniary
pertaining to money
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
cistern
reservoir or water tank
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a ~ beard.; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard. 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard.2 figurative aggressively brisk or tense : he fills the screen with a restless, ~ energy.
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been ~ed.
gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was ~ed by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
concordat
formal agreement
prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. ~ street/curtain
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. ~ in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in ~; Ex. exchange ~es about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. ~ oneself on; CF. prune
adorn
decorate
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
quack
charlatan; impostor
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
quietude
tranquillity; calmness
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. ~ living condition/life
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. ~ing effect of uninteresting work; Ex. ~ free expression
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. ~ statement
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. -ment; CF. dorsal
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. ~ lines; Ex. ~ life of the Romans; N. -lary: ~ person
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
assail
assault
indelible
not able to be erased
hoodwink
deceive; delude
minuscule
extremely small
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
enamored
in love; Ex. ~ of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions