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UT High World History B Final Exam
Terms in this set (112)
list of grievances about the Catholic Church by Martin Luther
movement within the Catholic Church in response to the Protestant Reformation
Italian astronomer and physicist who confirmed the heliocentric mode
15th Century invention by Johannes Gutenberg which used moveable type to print
a system of values and beliefs that is based on the idea that people are basically good and that problems can be solved using reason instead of religion
remission of part or all of the temporal and especially purgatorial punishment that according to Roman Catholicism is due for sins whose eternal punishment has been remitted and whose guilt has been pardoned (as through the sacrament of reconciliation)
English mathematician and physicist who developed calculus and three laws of motion
Polish astronomer who proposed the heliocentric model of the universe
Split that occurred between the Roman Catholic Church which created Protestant religions in the 16th Century
the period of European history between the 14th and 17th centuries when there was a new interest in science and in ancient art and literature especially in Italy
Irish chemists who worked with air and gas to develop the field of chemistry
a period of rapid advances in European scientific, mathematical, and political thought
not spiritual : of or relating to the physical world and not the spiritual world
series of wars between German Protestants and Catholics between 1618 and 1648
Thirty Years War
flag that is used to represent a family of noble blood
Banner of Arms
ancient land bridge that connected the Americas to Asia
point or extension of land jutting out into water as a peninsula or as a projecting point
something that is bought and sold
a leader in the Spanish conquests of America, Mexico, and Peru in the 16th century
a contract binding one person to work for another for a given period of time —often used in plural
man who is a member of a religious group called the Roman Catholic Society of Jesus
a serious disease that causes chills and fever and that is passed from one person to another by the bite of mosquitoes
an economic system developing during the decay of feudalism to unify and increase the power and especially the monetary wealth of a nation by a strict governmental regulation of the entire national economy usually through policies designed to secure an accumulation of bullion, a favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign trading monopolies
a large area of land especially in a hot part of the world where crops (such as cotton) are grown
Maya sport similar to basketball
Inca recorded keeping tool made of colored string
a chronic anemia that occurs in individuals (as those of African or Mediterranean descent) who are homozygous for the gene controlling hemoglobin S and that is characterized by destruction of red blood cells and by episodic blocking of blood vessels by the adherence of sickle cells to the vascular endothelium which causes the serious complications of the disease (as organ failure)
Sickle Cell Anemia
"protected person" a historical term referring to non-Muslim
citizens of an Islamic state
a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such
decoration as initials, borders and miniature illustrations
a soldier of an elite corps of Turkish troops organized in the 14th century and abolished in 1826
a per capita yearly tax historically levied by Islamic states on
certain non-Muslim subjects (dhimmis) permanently residing in
Muslim lands under Islamic law
any of various ships of Chinese waters with bluff lines, a
high poop and overhanging stem, little or no keel, high
pole masts, and a deep rudder
a member of a Muslim group of people who try to
experience God directly especially by praying and
meditating; a Muslim mystic
A king or ruler of a Muslim state or country.
the combination of different forms of belief or practice
a political theory that absolute power should be vested in one or more rulers
A king or queen who hold total power over political and religious affairs
people (such as priests) who are the leaders of a religion and who perform religious services
the period from 1649 onwards when England, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I.
was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars.
a person of mixed European and black descent, especially in the Caribbean
a movement of the 18th century that stressed the belief that science and logic give people more knowledge and
understanding than tradition and religion
a class system in France before the French Revolution
a policy that allows businesses to operate with very little interference from the government
a person who was loyal to the British during the American Revolution
a person of mixed European and American Indian ancestry
rights that all people are born with and cannot be taken away
the group of people who are members of the highest social class in some countries
the group of people who are responsible for making the
laws in some kinds of government
a group of people who were loyal to the colonists during the American Revolution
the lower class of people in some countries
a member of a school of political economists founded in
18th century France and characterized chiefly by a belief
that government policy should not interfere with the
operation of natural economic laws and that land is the
a group of businesses that agree to fix prices so they all
will make more money
the attitude or actions of people who are influenced too strongly by the desire to earn money or buy goods rather
than by other values
a way of organizing a society in which the government
owns the things that are used to make and transport
products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) and there
is no privately owned property
a large business or organization that under the law has the
rights and duties of an individual and follows a specific
a person who starts a business and is willing to risk loss
in order to make money
an organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members
the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx
including the belief that the struggle between social
classes is a major force in history and that there should
eventually be a society in which there are no classes
an economic system developing during the decay of feudalism to unify and increase the power and especially
the monetary wealth of a nation by a strict governmental
regulation of the entire national economy usually through
policies designed to secure an accumulation of bullion, a
favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture
and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign
the laboring class; especially : the class of industrial workers who lack their own means of production and hence sell their labor to live
a way of organizing a society in which major industries
are owned and controlled by the government rather than
by individual people and companies
a large building that has apartments or rooms for rent and
that is usually in a poorer part of a city
an arrangement in which someone's property or money is
legally held or managed by someone else or by an
organization (such as a bank) for usually a set period of time
A policy or practice by which a country increases it power by gaining control over other areas of the world
An imperialism practice in which an outside country rules with officials from inside their colony
An imperialism practice in which local leaders are left in place and rule to the benefit of their mother country
A small country that is controlled by a larger one
A territorial area within the political influence or interests of one nation are held to be more or less paramount through trade agreements
Sphere of Influence
A native of India employed as a soldier by a foreign power
A person sent by a king or queen to rule solony in the past
A revolt by sepoys against British control in India which resulted in governing power being taken away from the East India Company and given to the Biritsh crown.
Sepoy Mutiny/Sepoy Rebellion
The time period of European Imperialism in Africa between 1881 and 1914
Scramble for Africa
Meeting held in 1884 between European nations to discuss how to divide Africa to avoid conflicts between European nations; no African representatives were present.
British attack on the Zulu nation in Africa
Canal over 100 miles (161 kilometers) long NE Egypt traversing Isthmus of Suez
The agreement reached to end the Opium Wars that gave Great Britain Hong Kong
Treaty of Nanjing
Policy by the United States that opened Chinese ports to international countries
U.S. Open Door Policy
A rebellion that resulted in a civil war in China between 1850- 1864
An uprising by the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious fists to expel the country of foreign and Christian influences
An agreement in 1901 that provided the Qing Empire with foreign forces to suppress the Boxer Rebellion
An agreement between the United States and Japanese that opened Japan's ports after a threat from the United States
Treaty of Kanagawa
Japanese time period in the late 1800's that restored imperial power in Japan and saw the country through industrialization
War between Japan and China over control of Korea
War between Russia and Japan over claims in Manchuria
Agreement reached at the end of the Ruso-Japanese War negotiated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
Treaty Of Portsmouth
A statement of United States foreign policy expressing opposition to extension of European control or influence in the western hemisphere
Waterway in Latin America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
A union between people, groups, countries, etc.; a relationship in which people agree to work together.
A member of the political party that started to rule Russia in 1917 or a member of a similar political party.
A member of any of a number of autonomous communities drawn from various ethnic and linguistic groups (as Slavs, Tatars, and Circassians) that formed in Ukraine, southern Russia, the Caucasus Mountains, and Siberia after about 1400 and that were completely incorporated into czarist Russia during the 18th and 19th centuries.
A policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world
A policy that allows businesses to operate with very little interference from the government.
The opinions or actions of people who believe that a country should use military methods, forces, etc., to gain power and to achieve its goals.
A contest, dispute, competition, etc., in which neither side can gain an advantage or win.
The countries of Britain, Soviet Union, and United States in World War II.
The countries of Italy, Germany, and Japan in World War II.
the highest government official in Germany and Austria
a type of prison where large numbers of people who are not soldiers
are kept during a war and are usually forced to live in very bad
a part of a city in which members of a particular group or race live
usually in poor conditions
To take one island at a time, like in the battle for the Pacific in World War II.
Also known as The Night of the Broken Glass. On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.
two laws which excluded the Jews from German
life, as well as took away some of their natural rights. They were first
declared at the annual Nazi rally held in Nuremberg in 1935.
the Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews. Introduced by Heinrich
Himmler and administered by Adolf Eichmann, the policy resulted in the
murder of 6 million Jews in concentration camps between 1941 and 1945.
The Final Solution
an organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to
protect and further their rights and interests.
a radical Islamic group organized by Osama bin Laden in the 1990s to
engage in terrorist activities.
a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets
a rebel or revolutionary who attacks
a communist guerrilla organization which opposed
the Cambodian government in the 1960s and waged a civil war from 1970,
taking power in 1975.
is an Islamic militant group operating in Afghanistan and western Pakistan.
a movement for (originally) the re-establishment and (now) the
development and protection of a Jewish nation in what is now Israel. It was
established as a political organization in 1897 under Theodor Herzl, and
was later led by Chaim Weizmann.
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