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25 terms

USI.7b: Constitutional Convention

STUDY
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republic
The development of the Constitution of the United States was significant to the foundation of the American ________________.
federal system
power shared between the national and state governments
Articles of Confederation
Weaknesses in the _____________________ led to the effort to draft a new constitution.
constitution
written plan for government
Philadelphia
Site of the Constitutional Convention
revise
Delegates decided not to ___________ (fix) the Articles of Confederation but to write a new constitution.
George Washington
elected president of the Constitutional Convention
power
Delegates debated over how much ___________ should be given to the new national government.
represented
Delegates debated over how large and small states should be _________________ in the new government.
3 separate branches
The structure of the new national government included _____________
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
The 3 branches of government
Legislative Branch
makes laws
Executive Branch
carries out laws
Judicial Branch
interprets laws (decides if laws agree with the Constitution)
Great Compromise
decided how many votes each state would have in the Senate and the House of Representatives
Senate
equal representation - 2 per state
House of Representatives
representation based on state population
The Constitution
signed at the end of the convention.
ratification
approval by a formal vote
ratification of the Constitution
required at least 9 of the thirteen states to vote in favor of the Constitution before it could become law.
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments to the Constitution
written guarantee of individual rights
Bill of Rights
Basis for the Bill of Rights
Virginia Declaration of Rights and Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.
Thomas Jefferson
author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
George Mason
author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights