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TeXes Core EC-6: Social Studies
Terms in this set (100)
focus almost exclusively on culture
Sir Isaac Newton
english mathematician and physicist, remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and three laws of motion, changed scientists perception of the universe by discovering laws that govern the universe.
a rebellion of French people against their king in 1789 (poor financial management) (king increased spending like fighting wars, building government and royal building) (to help his spending increased tax)
validity vs. reliability
a study can be reliable without being valid
Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath
story of people from Oklahoma during the Great Depression
Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother
1936 photograph San Francisco, a symbol of the struggle against poverty, the poor (during Great Depression)
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
standardized rubric or scoring guide based on several criteria rather than single numerical score.
flexible can be adjusted to fit the situation and particular needs of the student being tested. methods like observing student interest and facial expression during a lesson or group activity.
screening, tests, and questions that are considered part of the instructional process since they are given throughout the learning of new instructional objectives. can be informal or formal
given at specific points in time in order to determine what students know and dont know. typically formal or performance based
era of good feeling, followed the war of 1812 was characterized by
increased nationalism and patriotism in the US
1. New Orleans surrenders to union forces
2. Dred Scott decision - us supreme court rules that a slave is private properly
3. Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to grant
4. South Carolina leaves the union
put in correct sequence
2. 4. 1. 3.
why did the Spaniards explore Texas
in search of gold and other material resources, wanted to gain wealth become powerful, spread christianity and establish colonies
what was the result of WWII in Texas
economy of the state moved more toward industrialization
successful farmers, pottery makers, tradesmen and sedentary tribe (stayed in one place didnt travel in seasons). occupied lands near red river and eastern texas (deer primary source of meat) - well known for their friend word "tejas" which was the basis for the state name "texas"
disorganized and splintered into several separate bands. considered nomadic (farm far apart of the year would follow seasons to hunt) lived off buffalo and horses once they were introduced
a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States
intimidating, were big everyone were usually naked and covered with tattoos.
1. Gadsden purchase
2. annexation of Texas
3. Mexican cessation
4. Louisianan purchase
5. treaty with Britain, 1846
in order from largest blocks of land to the US
2. 3. 4.
what was the primary reason for the formation of the first colonies in New England
the desire for religious freedom
congress increased taxes paid on imports to protect newly established northern industries fro foreign competition. southern economy was hurt by this protective tariff because the tariff
increase the price of foreign manufactured goods.
1. constitutional convention meets in Philadelphia
2. declaration of independence announced
3. federalist paper written
4. George Washington elected as first president
list the sequence in correct order
2. 1. 3. 4.
Mayflower Compact, New England town all meeting, fundamental orders of Connecticut and House of Burgesses are examples of
efforts by the colonists to practice democratic principles
invented algebra, calculated the circumference of the earth, developed treatments for cataracts and required potential doctors to first pass exams before they could practice medicine.
made advances in science and math including the use of levers and pulleys as well as the development of geometry and the Pythagorean Theorem
made great advances in engineering including the creation of the arch that allowed for larger and stronger building to be built, created aqueducts that brought water from the mountains to Rome
had advanced calendar and writing systems, had ability to drain lakes and swamps
invention of interchangeable parts affect industry in the US in the 1800s
made the production of good faster and cheaper
what trip involves a trip from a plains region to a mountains region
St. Louis to Denver
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
A strain of protestantism that stresses the preaching of the gospel of Jesus Christ, personal conversion experiences, Scripture as the sole basis for faith, and active evangelism (the winning of personal commitments to Christ).
study of geography includes all of the following except
historians argued that the American slave system would have died out had it not been for
the cotton gin
provide maps, charts, and tables relating to different geographic regions
TEKS in Social Studies
organized around eight strands: history; geography; economic; government; citizenship; culture; science, technology and society; and social studies skills. Options suggests a lesson on the uses of different types of maps as a point of connection to lessons where students construct maps of local neighborhood (map making is not a topic treated in social studies)
compared with pre-industrial societies, industrial societies are more likely to
provide individuals with opportunities for social mobility
In addition to the locomotive, what other early 1800s technological innovation led to an increase in markets for goods manufactured in the Northeast?
how does factors and events in other parts of the world would be expected to affect the Texas economy
since oil production is a key component of the Texas economy, a sharp decrease in world oil prices would cause a slowdown in state economic activity
the quantity of goods and services produced from each unit of labor input
situation in which unlimited wants exceed the limited resources available to fulfill those wants
the struggle among producers for the dollars of consumers
1861-65 war between northern and southern states of US. caused by issue of slaver and the rights of the states vs. the federal government
major economic differences between the South and the North before the Civil War
South's economy was based on agriculture, while the Norths economy was based on manufacturing.
a major difference between life in the United States today and life in the pre-industrial agricultural communities of the nation's early colonial period
most household goods in the earlier period were produced by family members
combination of resources, improved transportation and technological breakthroughs all contributed to the
Native Americans in pre-Columbian American, herders in Mongolia and basket weavers in Guatemala are all examples of
people living in traditional economies
gross domestic product
value of all final goods and services produced in one year
per capita income
determined by simply taking the reported income of all people (working age adults) in a country and dividing it by the number of working age adults
amount that the government owes to lenders
a state where economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced
how did primogeniture affect the makeup of the first settlers in North America
many colonists sought economic opportunity
right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son
development of free enterprise in america
Legal Protection of private property, abundant natural resources, limited government regulations, colonists were looking for economic opportunity
market system risks and benefits - what describes the foundation of a free market system
individuals have the freedom to make choices that can result in great rewards and profits as well as in huge risks and monetary losses.
war of 1812
A war between the U.S. and Great Britain caused by American outrage over the impressment of American sailors by the British, the British seizure of American ships, and British aid to the Indians attacking the Americans on the western frontier. Also, a war against Britain gave the U.S. an excuse to seize the British northwest posts and to annex Florida from Britain's ally Spain, and possibly even to seize Canada from Britain. The War Hawks (young westerners led by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun) argued for war in Congress. The war involved several sea battles and frontier skirmishes. U.S. troops led by Andrew Jackson seized Florida and at one point the British managed to invade and burn Washington, D.C. The Treaty of Ghent (December 1814) restored the status quo and required the U.S. to give back Florida. Two weeks later, Andrew Jackson's troops defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans, not knowing that a peace treaty had already been signed. The war strengthened American nationalism and encouraged the growth of industry.
Period in which inflation and unemployment both decline.
a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.
A time of fast economic growth
the height of an economic expansion, when real GDP stops rising
era of good feeling
the period from 1817 to 1823 in which the disappearance of the federalists enabled the Republicans to govern in a spirit of seemingly nonpartisan harmony.
second industrial revolution
unprecedented increase in economic productivity during the late 1800s. included large leaps forward in technology with expansion of use of electricity, petroleum and steel
period of rapid growth in using machines for manufacturing and production; began in Great Britain in the mid 1700s
constitutional powers of the president consist -
power to appoint ambassadors, power to convene Congress, power to negotiate treaties
American politician. An eloquent spokesperson for the rights of poor people and minority groups, she served as a U.S. representative for Texas (1973-1979).
what state power greatly influences the functioning of the federal government
states determine how to draw Congressional districts after a census
impact of third parties
usually bring national focus to an issue and this forces the major parties and candidates to take a stand on that issue.
Spoilers - third parties often take votes away from one or both of the major parties. This can change the outcome of the elections. For example, in the election of 2000 Al Gore could have won if he had not lost so many votes to a third party candidate. (have popularized issues that were later adopted by the major parties)
Texas Lieutenant Governor is called most powerful politician in Texas because -
is a member of both the Executive and Legislative departments and determines which bill are considered in the Texas Senate
what happens if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral college votes
House of Representatives chooses the President
Consists of nine justices, each appointed by the President and confirmed by Congress. Appointment is for life. Supreme Court exercises the power to determine constitutionality of statutes
basic purpose of law in the US
to establish socially acceptable ways for resolving disputes among citizens
how did the 27 amendments to the constitution pass
passed by 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress and them approved by 3/4 of the states.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Who has the power to declare war?
president can convene Congress and ask Congress to declare war but president does not have power to do so.
Barbra Jordan - The Constitution has further protected democracy from itself by the creation of a judiciary not directly responsible to popular will. Without the constant prodding of the judiciary, we might not have begun the task of grappling with the problems that were caused by and resulted from unequal educational opportunity. If we are to honor the principles of liberty in the Declaration of Independence and the principles of equality in the Constitution, it is mandatory-it is morally mandatory-ithat the judiciary continue to disassemble the barrier to racial equality.
Which Constitutional principles concerning the courts was involved int he quotes?
separation of powers
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A government in which the people rule by their own consent.
The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
Benjamin Franklin - Printers are educated in the belief, that when men differ in opinion, both sides ought equally to have the advantage of being heard by the public; and that when truth and error have fair play, the former is always an overmatch for the latter: hence they cheerfully serve all contending writers that pay them well, without regarding on which side they are of the question in dispute
quotation emphasizing the -
need to have a free press to express both sides of an issue
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
All US born citizen has voting rights. Banned racial restrictions on voting. United States may not prevent a citizen from voting based on that citizen's race, color.
19th Amendment (1920)
Gave women the right to vote
26th Amendment (1971)
18 year olds gain the right to vote
The Federalist - After dividing the several classes of power, as they may in their nature be legislative, executive, or judiciary, the next and most difficult task is to provide some practical security for each, against the invasion of the others
which principles of government is described?
check and balances
Thomas J. Rusk
President of the Convention of 1845
"The people of the colonies know very well that the taxes of the Mother country are every day increasing; and can they expect that no addition whatsoever will be made to theirs? They know very well that a great part of our national debt was contracted in establishing them on a firm foundation, and protecting them from the arbitrary attempts of their implacable enemies - Can anything then be so unreasonable, as a refusal of their assistance to wipe a little of it off?
this is referring to -
the expectation that the colonies should pay for their own defense
who voted in Texas and most other state and national elections at the time that Texas became a state?
all white men over the age of 21 were able to vote.
who lead the inventing process to mass produce steel?
economic migrants arrived in the US in the 19th century to take advantage of which of -
high levels of available land
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation (advocated independence from Great Britain and helped inspire the American Revolution)
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory. ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, let to the admittance of the land of California into the Union as a free state without a balancing slave state, this upset the balance of free states and slave states. (resolved the disagreement between Mexico and US regarding the location on the southern border of Texas)
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent. (was a strong incentive for the US to annex the Republic of Texas)
group of individuals brought together to engage in a guided discussion on a topic
the method by which researchers attempt to understand a group or culture by observing it from the inside, without imposing any preconceived notions they might have
experiment in which only one variable is changed
an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
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