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20 terms

ap psych pages 689-705

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social psychology
the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behavior influence, and are influenced by, the behavior of others
social cognition
mental processes associated with peoples perceptions of, and reactions to, other people
self-concept
they way one thinks of oneself
self-esteem
the evaluations people make about how worthy they are as human beings
temporal comparison
using one's previous performance or characteristics as a basis for judging oneself in the present
social comparison
using other people as a basis of comparison for evaluating oneself
reference groups
categories of people to which people compare themselves
relative deprivation
the belief that, in comparison to a reference group, one is getting less that is deserved
social identity
the beliefs we hold about the groups to which we belong
self-schemas
mental representations that people form of themselves
social perception
the processes through which people interpret information about others, draw inferences about them, and develop mental representations of them
self-fulfilling prophecy
a process through which an initial impression of someone leads that person to behave in accordance with that impression
attribution
the process of explaining the causes of people's behavior, including our own
fundamental attribution error
a bias toward over attributing the behavior of others to internal causes
actor-observer bias
the tendency to attribute other people's behavior to internal causes while attributing our own behavior (especially errors and failures) to external causes
self-serving bias
the tendency to attribute our successes to internal characteristics while blaming our failures on external causes
attitude
a predisposition toward a particular cognitive, emotional, or behavioral reaction to objects
elaboration likelihood model
a model suggesting that attitude change can be driven by evaluation of the content of a persuasive message (central route) or by irrelevant persuasion cues (peripheral route)
cognitive dissonance theory
a theory asserting that attitude change is driven by efforts to reduce tension caused by inconsistencies between attitudes and behaviors
self-perception theory
a theory suggesting that attitudes can change as people consider their behavior in certain situations and then infer what their attitude must be