American History Chapter 4 Vocabulary
The War for Independence
Terms in this set (29)
The Stamp Act
colonists in 1765 purchased special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet and almanac that imposed "stamp duties" on playing cards an dice. Every colonist was affected by this tax
Charles Townshend - The Townshend Acts
a leading government minister who decided on a new method of gaining revenue from the American colonies by proposing revenue laws, indirect taxes imposed on imported materials as they came into the colonies from Britain
The Boston Massacre
competition for jobs between colonists and poorly paid soldiers looking for extra work. It was labeled as a British attack against defenseless colonists
The Boston Tea Party
a large group of Boston rebels disguised themselves as Native Americans and took action against 3 British tea ships anchored in the harbor
The Intolerable Acts
Imposed by King George III as a result of the Boston Tea Party. Included the Quartering Act: authorizing British commanders to house soldiers in empty private homes.
The Continental Congress
got together to draw up a declaration of colonists rights and defend the colonies' right to run their own affairs
Second Continental Congress
John Adams wanted each colony to have their own government. George Washington was appointed commander of the Continental Army
Olive Branch Petition
sent by the colonists to King George III urging to return to harmony between Britain and the colonies. King George rejected the petition
powerful words of an angry citizen written by Thomas Paine attacking King George III. Paine declared it was time for the colonist to claim their independence, allowing American to trade freely for guns and ammunition and win foreign aid from British enemies.
Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson's words maintaining that people had natural rights to life, liberty and property..."Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness."
those who opposed independence and remained loyal to the Crown - the British
Baron von Steuben
a Prussian Captain who volunteered his services to General Washington to help "make regular soldiers out of country bumpkins"
Marquis de Lafayette
a military French leader who offered to join Washington's Staff and help him. He lobbied for French reinforcements and led a command in Virginia in the last years of the war
Treaty of Paris
confirmed US independence and set the boundaries of the new nation. Now the US stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and from Florida to Canada
tar and feathering
a form of punishment where people are covered in hot tar and feathers
The Declaratory Act
This act asserted Parliament's full right to make laws to bind the colonies and people of American, in all cases whatsoever.
Sons of Liberty
created by Samuel Adams. they were a secret resistance group that harassed customs workers, stamp agents and royal governors.
died during the Boston Massacre. Of African and Native American descent. A sailor in Boston
Acts established by the British Government to restore order in Massachusetts
a silversmith and patriot set out to warn that the British were coming to Concord and that they should flee
Author of Common Sense to advocate American independence
a committee chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence
soldiers contracted for service by the British Government
a general during the American Revolution who defected to the British Army
a French Admiral who commanded the French fleet in the Battle of the Chesapeake leading to the British surrender at Yorktown
a leading British general in the American War of Independence
King George III
King of Great Britain during the American Revolution
Committees of Correspondence
patriot leaders of the thirteen colonies chosen on the eve of the American Revolution who relayed their plans and corresponded with the Britains
supported the cause of Independence in the American Revolution
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