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Terms in this set (114)
Which major idea was prevalent in Norse, Greco-Roman, Judeo-Christian, and Egyptian civilizations that influences literature and art today?
a story about the origin of man
The Norse and Egyptian civilizations contributed to which idea that still influences creative works today?
dualism between order and chaos
Government, whether a republic or a democracy, can best see roots in which civilization?
A popular phrase "Know thyself" can be traced back to which civilization?
What is another word for "Middle Ages"?
What architectural structure best exemplifies the Greek civilization?
The Egyptians believed that Pharoah was a god. He was the reincarnation of -
The process of mummification enabled Egyptians to--
prepare the dead for the next life
How was Judaism different from other religions?
the people were monotheistic.
Socrates, the Athenian philosopher, developed a method of teaching using -
Which Greek philosopher, wrote nothing down and all the information we have today is from his famous students?
Socrates, the Greek philosopher, was persecuted and later died because of his ideas about -
the vulnerability of the gods
Which of the following is a theme in Paul Coehlo's The Alchemist?
People should follow their dreams.
What is ironic about Santiago and the sacristy?
He had to leave a holy space in order to find communion with God.
Which did Santiago value more, learning from books or learning from experiences?
learning from experiences
What is the meaning of maktub?
it is written
seeking his personal legend
satisfied with his fate
awaits the return of her love
has not reached goals because they are too vague
Which of the following is NOT a way Santiago becomes one with the universe?
Surrendering to the idea of maktub
ways Santiago becomes one with the universe?
Experiencing new religions, Observing new people and cultures, Traveling through new worlds
represents a pilgrimage
symbolizes good luck
What is the significance of the use of colors in Rosie the Riveter?
they evoke patriotism and boldness
How does the treatment of the major figure in Rosie the Riveter convey a sense of independence?
Rosie is alone and self-sufficient in the image
Which of the following is a central message of Rosie the Riveter?
Women can be strong and independent while maintaining femininity.
rosie the riveter
dependant upon a man's return to her
NOT a community of people within a single country possessing shared culture, traditions, history, and language.
According to Professor the Hon Gareth Evans, what contributes most to shaping a collective national identity?
How is the Statue of Liberty an expression of the American national identity?
It represents the ideals of freedom and democracy for all
What did the artist place in The Statue of Liberty's left hand to symbolize democratic values?
The Declaration of Independence
What work of creative expression began as a poem and became a musical part of the American national identity?
"Defense of Fort McHenry"
Which of the following could best be described as a despot?
One of the most notable feats of the monarchy during the Renaissance was to -
centralize the government and develop a tax base
The 20th and 21st centuries saw a shift in the monarchy to -
a figurehead position with a republic form of government
The country to have the first Bill of Rights was -
The Early Modern time period was characterized by the -
increased number of wars
The term enlightened despot referred to -
those who used their power, though cruelly, to bring about reform
in a monarchy, whether power is benevolent or malevolent depends on the -
What doctrine allowed monarchs to view civil unrest or rebellion as a sin?
divine right of kings
Power, not vested in the people, over time may become a catalyst for -
war and conflict
Which king proclaimed himself as the Sun King, the source of light for his people?
a democracy can best be defined as -
a government of the people, for the people, by the people
The earliest attempt to to create a code of laws by the Romans is referred to as -
The Laws of the Twelve Tables
How does a direct democracy differ from a democratic republic?
A direct democracy allows people to decide policy without representation whereas in the democratic republic people elect representatives.
The French struggled with the establishment and continuity of a republic form of government. The first republic was established in 1792. Currently, France is under which Republic?
In the French experience, the National Convention removed all political power from the King in 1792. What happened next to the King?
he was executed
Which of the republics continued to have a dual monarchy?
The American Republic has three branches of power. What are they?
judicial, executive, legislative
Citizens in this republic elected representatives. A citizen was any male over 15 who had descended from one of the original tribes of Rome. Which republic was this?
if laws are made by representatives elected by the people, which of the following would likely happen if the people did not like a law in a stable republic?
If people find laws to be unfair, they can elect new representatives.
Leaders feel an obligation towards their constituents to make wise decisions in which type of government?
Both the freedom of speech and the freedom of worship are protected by -
the constitution of the united states
In the Rosenberg v. Board of Education case, how did the court rule when the plaintiff wanted to remove Oliver Twist and the Merchant of Venice from the curriculum?
The court ruled in favor of the school district and the two works werel not removed.
The Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School district ruling gave us the following significant words -
"Students do not shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse gate."
The Supreme Court issues rulings on -
the constitutionality of the law
One of the primary purposes of the Supreme Court is to -
ensure the fundamental values common to all Americans are not undermined
In which case was New York's requirement for the recitation of a state-written prayer declared unconstitutional?
Engel v. Vitale
Read the following quote by DuShanne Stokes.
"What does religious freedom mean if we would use it as a cover for hate and privilege?"
Which response below best explains what is meant by this statement?
Having a religious faith does not require discrimination
Norman Rockwell, the American painter, completed a piece of art for each of the 4 freedoms. To exhibit these freedoms, Rockwell used -
simple scenes from his hometown experience
Read the following quote from Justice Brandeis.
If there be time to expose through discussion the falsehood and fallacies, to avert the evil by the processes of education, the remedy to be applied is more speech, not enforced silence.
Which sentence below best captures the truth in Justice Brandeis' words?
Discussion of ideas shines a light on errant and fallacious ideas.
Read the following lines from Soren Kierkegaard.
People demand freedom of speech as a compensation for the freedom of thought they seldom use.
Which statement below best captures the meaning of this sentence?
People often abuse their freedom of speech.
Initially, why did the doctor refuse to treat Coyotito?
He did not think Coyotito's people were worth his time.
Kino hears songs in his head that seem to represent the--
important influences in his life
Upon its discovery, the Pearl of the World seems to be a source of--
hope for the future
Why does Juana want to get rid of the pearl?
she believes it has brought evil into their lives
Why were Kino's home and boat destroyed?
avarice and contempt
Read the following quote from, The Pearl:
"A plan is a real thing, and things projected are experienced. A plan once made and visualized becomes a reality along with other realities - never to be destroyed but easily to be attacked."
This statement seems to address what major conflict?
fate vs free will
The descriptions of Kino's village toward the beginning of the narrative equate nature with--
goodness and purity
Through characters like the doctor and the pearl buyers, Steinbeck is condemning--
After fleeing the trackers for some time, why do Kino and Juana return home?
The death of Coyotito made them re-evaluate their plans.
For whom did Steinbeck intend the message of The Pearl?
those pursuing the American Dream
What is the central theme of The Pearl?
The most valuable things in life cannot be purchased.
"Therefore Jehovah God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden the Cherubim, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life."
"I could show any fair-minded reader that this is wrong if I could show (as I hope to do in the present work) how men can get all the knowledge they have, and can arrive at certainty about some things, purely by using their natural faculties, without help from any innate notions or principles."
"It appears then, that humans in their natural state, void of societal influences and pressures, possess a pure quality. This is mimicked in the refreshing qualities of nature. It cannot be manufactured, and thus, must have some innate power within it."
Inherent immorality and inherent goodness may look similar day-to-day because they both--
must actively work against evils.
The idea of Tabula Rasa is that--
people are a product of their environment/influences
The three modes of morality are the only three that exist. (true/false)
Steinbeck's The Pearl seems to align with what mode of morality?
Decide what mode of morality the narrator believes in.
The other day I saw a man in the store come across a lost wallet on the ground. He inspected it and found what looked to be a lot of cash inside. The man looked for an ID, but could not find one. I had to continue my shopping, but I believe that he decided to turn the wallet in to the lost and found.
Listen, I've screwed up before - in life and in my job. But I've worked really hard to compensate for those mistakes. I've spent 17 years at this company, and I always keep a smile on my face. And believe me, there are days where that is really difficult. I have to fight the urge to get in confrontations sometimes. Ultimately, I think I make a difference here, and I'm going to ask for that raise today.
Rowena's mom always gave money to homeless people on the street corner. I never saw her skip over someone. She always found a way. That's why I was extremely surprised when I saw her child steal from the offering plate at church. That is not the way that kid was raised! How could this happen?
Epicurus, a Greek philosopher, is often attributed ideas of hedonism and indulgences into fine wine and food. However, his philosophy could best be summed up as -
attainment of a state of tranquility without fear or pain
The word happiness comes from the Norse and means -
According to Locke, if unhappiness equates to pain, then happiness equates to -
Stoicism, the philosophy of Zeno, means -
to stay focused on the virtuous indifferent to neither pain nor pleasure
Cynicism, as taught by Antisthenes, included which idea listed below?
live in harmony with nature and oppose the trappings of material things
Read the following quote from The Pearl.
"There is a devil in this pearl. You should have sold it and passed on the devil. Perhaps you can still sell it and buy peace for yourself."
Which philosophical statement would best align with the meaning of this quote?
Good is positive pleasure and pain is evil; some pleasure has painful consequences
Read the following quote from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by Locke.
As therefore the highest perfection of intellectual nature lies in a careful and constant pursuit of true and solid happiness; so the care of ourselves, that we mistake not imaginary for real happiness, is the necessary foundation of our liberty.
What is the importance of this sentence?
It encourages people to pursue happiness, not illusions of happiness.
Locke believed that the pursuit of happiness was a gift from -
Locke believed that a life built on virtue and solid morals would yield -
The Declaration of Independence speaks of "unalienable Rights." What does that mean?
rights that cannot be taken away
Which of the following quotes best describes the American Dream?
"The road to success is not easy to navigate, but with hard work, drive and passion, it's possible to achieve the American dream." Tommy Hilfiger
In the movie, Pursuit of Happyness, Chris gets a job as -
an intern at a brokerage firm
What is unique about the movie, Pursuit of Happyness?
It is based on a true rags to riches story.
Justice Kennedy in his speech discusses the difference between Constitution with a capital C and constitution with a small C. Which of the following is an example of Constitution with a capital C?
a legal document drafted in the summer of 1787
How does Justice Kennedy describe the pursuit of happiness?
a feeling of self-worth that comes from contributing to society
What major challenge did Kino face before finding the pearl in The Pearl?
What hope did Kino and his wife have that is symbolized in the American Dream?
the promise that something better awaits them
Locke's philosophical contribution to the American Dream can best be expressed as -
the pursuit of happiness is both a political and individual right
Plato's contribution to our understanding of the American Dream could best be stated as -
working for social justice is a basic virtue for happiness
Which of the following is NOT an ontological question?
where did you grow up?
If life-affirming moments happen when people are assured of their place/role in the world, where in Steinbeck's The Pearl does a life-affirming moment happen?
when Kino and Juana get rid of the pearl together
At what moment does the speaker in Elizabeth Bishop's, "The Fish" have a life-affirming moment?
when she decides to let the fish go
The colors in "The Fish" serve to show the--
Which line from "The Fish" best demonstrates the tone of reverence?
a five-haired beard of wisdom
Donovan Livingston was especially excited to give his commencement speech in the form of spoken-word poetry because--
he was not allowed to do that in high school
What is meant by the following statement in Livingston's speech?
"An injustice is telling them they are stars
Without acknowledging night that surrounds them."
Difficulties can be a catalyst for success.
The pacing of the beginning of Barber's "Knoxville: Summer of 1915" creates a ___________ feeling.
which line from "Knoxville: Summer of 1915" indicates a shift in tone and focus?
By some chance, here they are, all on this earth
How does "Knoxville: Summer of 1915" connect to the idea of life affirmation?
The speaker is free and supported to make important decisions.
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