first dynasty w/ archelogical evidence
capital in Ordos bulge of Huanghe
1029BCE-258BCE classical era (green)
originally a vassal family of Shang, possibly Turkic in origin
221BCE-202BCE classical era (green)
est. at end of Warring States period after fall of Zhou
202BCE-220CE classical era (green)
establishment of Confucianism
589-618 post classical (yellow)
emerged from strong rulers in n china
united all of n china and reconquered s china
grand canal under yangdi
reinstated civil exam system after Three Kingdoms period
618-907 post classical (yellow)
more stable than sui
flourished culturally and politically
960-1279 post classical (yellow)
weak militarily so signed a lot of treaties and eventually reduced to souther song
Southern Song 1127-1279 - culturally glorious
1279-1368 post classical (yellow)
1368-1644 mostly early modern (blue)
had huge trade expeditions to s asia and other places at first, but later concentrated efforts on internal development w/in china
1644- mostly modern (orange)
manchu dynasty that forced submission of nomadic ppls far to w and compelled tribute from vietnam and burma to the south
very powerful at first but defeated by euro powers
last chinese dynasty
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