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108 terms

Medical Terminology

combining forms
STUDY
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aden/o
gland
arthro/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancer/cancerous
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
crin/o
secrete
cyst/o
urinary bladder, sac filled with fluid
cyt/o
cell
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestine
erythr/o
red
grastr/o
stomach
glyc/o
sugar
gnos
knowledge
gynec/o
woman, female
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
lapar/o
abdomen
leuk/o
white
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
opthalm/o
eyes
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
psych/o
mind
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
thromb/o
clot
endocrine gland
glands that secrete chemicals(harmones) within the body ie, pituitary, thyroid, Ovaries
exocrine gland
Glands that secrete chemicals that leave the body through ducts. ie sweat, tears, salivary
hemoglobin
Oxygen carrying protein found in red blood cells.
oma
tumor, mass
pepsia
digestion
dyspepsia
painful or difficult digestion
phagia
swallow
dysphagia
painful or difficult swallowing
phasia
speech
dysphasia
difficult speech
Dysplasia
Abnormality in the development or formation of cells
Dyspnea
painful or difficult breathing
Dysuria
difficult or painful urination
Duodenum
first part of the small intestine
Laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
lumb/o
loin, waist
lymph/o
clear fluid in tissue
mediastinum
space between lungs
peritone/o
peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus- the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach
laryngeal
pertaining to the larynx or voicebox
pharyngeal
pertaining to the pharynx or throat
hypochondriac
upper right and left regions beneath the ribs
chondr/o
cartilage
cartilage
Flexible fibrous connective tissue
thelial
nipple
frontal plane
divides the body into anterior and posterior
larynx
voice box
stinum
partition
necrosis
Death of tissue
erythrocytosis
An abnormal condition in which there is an increase in red blood cells
encephalopathy
disease of the brain
Leukocytosis
abnormal increase of white blood cells
rhinorrhea
persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose
hemorrhage
Excessive bleeding; bursting forth of blood
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
rrhage
excessive flow
hematuria
blood in the urine
uremia
excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
CVA
a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
mammary
Pertaining to the breast.
sclerosis
condition of hardening
chronic
continuing for a long time
centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
salpingectomy
surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes
oophorectomy
surgical removal of one of both ovaries
myelogram
x-ray of the spinal cord
myel/o
spinal cord
dialysis
Separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function.
stomy
creation of an opening
colostomy
surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface
radiotherapy
Treatment using radiation
chemotherapy
the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
cryotherapy
Treatment using cold (CRY/O) temperatures.
phlebotomy
surgical incision into a vein
gram
record
graphy
process of recording
centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
Infarction
Area of dead tissue (necrosis) caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body
ischemia
insufficient blood flow to an area
colocolostomy
new surgical conection between two previously unconnected portions of the colon. this is an anastomosis
leukemia
cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells
leukocytosis
abnormally large increase in the number of white blood cells
dur/o
dura mater-(outermost meningeal membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
gen
begin, produce, create
men/o
menses (monthly period)
nat/i
birth
norm/o
rule, order
plas/o
formation, growth, developement
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder blade)
son/o
sound
sonogram
an image produced by sound waves
top/o
to put, place, position
troph/o
developement, nourishment
uter/o
uterus