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Civil War Study Guide Chapter 14-15
Terms in this set (38)
What was the Compromise of 1850?
It was a group of bills passed to quiet the controversy of slavery.
What did the Compromise of 1850 do for California?
It admitted California to the Union as a free state, and banned slave trade in its capital.
What did the Compromise of 1850 do for the states of the Mexican Cession? (besides California)
It allowed the states of the rest of the Mexican Cession to decide whether to be a slave state or free state based on popular sovereignty.
What did the Compromise of 1850 do for Washington D.C.?
It outlawed the slave trade in Washington D.C.
What act did the Compromise of 1850 pass?
The Fugitive Slave Act, which allowed the government to arrest runaway slaves without a right to trial.
What is "popular sovereignty?"
The people can vote on issues (such as whether to be a free or slave state), instead of having elected government officials decide issues for them.
What was "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and why was it important?
It was a book by Harriet Beecher Stowe depicting the cruelty of slavery. It is important, because it made thousands of Americans realize how bad slavery is.
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
It formed two new territories - the Kansas Territory and the Nebraska Territory - and it established popular sovereignty in these territories (so the people could decide whether the territories would be free or slave states).
What former act did the Kansas-Nebraska Act repeal?
It repealed the Missouri Compromise.
What was Bleeding Kansas?
Around 1855, about 200 whites were killed in pro- vs. anti-slavery riots in Kansas. The violence got so bad, that the state received the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
What was the Dred Scott Decision? Know two things it said.
It was a court case decision where black slave Dred Scott sued his owner for keeping him a slave in states where slavery was illegal.
The court decision said:
(1) African Americans cannot sue, because they are not considered citizens.
(2) Just living in a free territory does not make an enslaved person free: a slave is a master's property, no matter where the master goes.
(3) Congress has no power to ban slavery in any state.
What was John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry?
John Brown tried to start a slave rebellion in Harpers Ferry VA, but failed (Robert E. Lee and his troops stopped him).
How did John Brown's raid contribute to causing the Civil War?
It polarized, or completely separated, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery people. There were much less in-between people.
Who won the Presidential election of 1860?
What was Abraham Lincoln's position (political stance) on slavery?
Lincoln's stance on slavery was to stop it from spreading further.
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
What were the "official causes of the Civil War" for the South?
To preserve state's rights
What were the "official causes of the Civil War" for the North?
To preserve the Union
When and where did the Civil War begin?
Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861
What were some advantages the North had in the Civil War?
They had more (1) people, (2) factories, (3) industry, (4) railroads, and (5) resources.
What were some advantages the South had in the Civil War?
They would be fighting on their own turf, they had better generals, and they were better experienced with an outdoor lifestyle.
What was the first OFFICIAL battle of the Civil War?
The Battle of Bull Run
Who won the first official battle of the Civil War?
Who dominated (was more successful) in the first two years of the war?
What was the "greatest" battle fought in the Civil War?
The Battle of Gettysburg
How many casualties were there in the Battle of Gettysburg?
Why was the Battle of Gettysburg important?
It was a big victory for the North, and was a turning point in the Civil War.
What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
A document (issued on Jan 1, 1863) that freed all slaves in any state rebelling against the Union (i.e. the Confederacy).
How did the Emancipation Proclamation help the Union win the war?
It (1) stopped Britain from siding with the South, and (2) gave Northern soldiers new motivation to fight.
Why was the Gettysburg Address important?
It challenged the North to win the war, and established a "new birth of freedom" for the US.
When and where did the Civil war end?
Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865; Lee surrendered to Grant
What day and year was President Lincoln assassinated?
April 14, 1865
Who shot Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
Who were the main generals of the Civil War? (name one from the North, one from the South)
North - Ulysses S. Grant
South - Robert E. Lee
Name some results of the Civil War.
(1) The Union was preserved
(2) 13th Amendment passed: slavery abolished
(3) Increase in American industry
(4) More power to the Federal Government
(5) Reconstruction of the South
Who took over as President after Lincoln died?
What was the period after the Civil War called? Why is it called this?
It was called this because America spent so much time rebuilding what had been ravaged and destroyed by war.
Explain how this picture is an example of pro-northern propaganda.
It shows John Brown as a compassionate man who was wrongly put to death.
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