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Committee on Civil Rights

Truman wanted to challenge racial discrimination, so he used his executive powers to establish this organization

McCarran Internal Security Act (1950)

made it unlawful to advocate or support the establishment of a totalitarian government, restricted the employment and travel of those joining Communist-front organizations, and authorized the creation of detention camps for subversives

Servicemen's Readjustment Act (GI Bill) (1944)

war veterans allowed to continue their education at government expense; also received over $16 billion in low-interest, government-backed loans to buy homes and farms and to start businesses

Thomas Dewey

Republican nominee; New York governor, felt too confident and didn't campaign aggressively enough

Employment Act of 1946

national health insurance, increase in welfare, created the Council of Economic Advisors to counsel both the president and Congress on means of promoting national economic welfare. (wanted to commit the U.S. government to maintaining full employment)

National Security Act (1947)

provided for a centralized Department of Defense (replacing the War Department) to coordinate the operations of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; the creation of the National Security Council (NSC) to coordinate the making of foreign policy in the Cold War; and the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to employ spies to gather info on foreign governments

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

a military alliance for defending all members from outside attack (joined by 10 European nations plus U.S. and Canada)

Mao Zedong

led the Chinese Communists

House Un-American Activities Committee

reactivated in postwar years to find Communists; originally established in 1939 to find Nazis

U.S.-Japanese Security Treaty

occupation of Japan ended in 1951 with signing of this treaty in which Japan agreed to surrender its claims to Korea and islands in the Pacific; second treaty was also signed that ended formal occupation of Japan but also allowed US troops to remain in military bases to protect the country from communism

Taft-Hartley Act (1947)

check the growing power of Unions, outlawing the closed shop (contract requiring workers to join a Union before being hired), permitting states to pass the "right to work" laws outlawing the union shop (contract requiring workers to join a Union after being hired), outlawing secondary boycotts, and giving the president power to invoke an 80 day cooling off period before a strike endangering the national safety could be called

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