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43 terms

Ch. 4 Culture/Folk v. Popular Culture

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Cargo Cult Pilgrimage
Cargo Cult's believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia and is important HG concept because it's a big religious movement by a large number of people.
Custom
A representative act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group. A habit that a group has widely adopted.
Taboo
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
Acculturation
The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact.
Assimilation
The process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture.
Folk House
houses that reflect cultural heritage, current fashion, functional needs, and the impact of environment. The form of each house is related in part to environmental as well as social conditions.
Folk Songs
composed anonymously and transmitted orally. A song that is derived from events in daily life that are familiar to the majority of the people; songs that tell a story or convey information about daily activities such as farming, life cycle events, or mysterious events such as strorms and earthquakes.
Cultural ecology
The study of how human society has adapted to enviromental challenges.
Cultural identity
Is the way people catogorize there culture, sometimes by the way they dress and what they eat ect.
Cultural Diffusion
The spreading of cultural traits from one society to another
Innovation Adoption
The diffusion of new ideas
Culture Trait
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
Culture Complex
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Cultural Adaptation
Adjusting a translation based on the cultural environment of the target language.
Cultural core/periphery pattern
The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties.
Toponymy
The place name of a region or language. The study of such place names
Traditional Architecture
traditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
Folklore
The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.
Material Culture
The physical objects created by a culture; the buildings, tools, and other artifacts created by the members of a society
Economic Determinism
The doctrine that all social, cultural, political, and intellectual forms are determined by or result from such economic factors as the quality of natural resources , productive capability, technological development, or the distribution of wealth.
Society
An organized group of of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.
Habit
A repetitive act that a particular individual performs
Architectural Form
The look of housing, effected by the available materials,the environment the house is in, and the popular culture of the time.
Culture Hearth
Place of origin of a major culture
Culture System
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
Folk Culture
Local life style, traditional culture in a small area
Folk Food
Food eaten in a special way of a small area, usually something in the area
Maladaptation
poor or inadequate adaptation that occurs when a group pursues an adaptive strategy that, in the short run, fails to provide the necessities of life or, in the long run, destroys the environment that nourishes it
Sequent Occupance
succeeding stages of human inhabitation over time on one site
possibilism
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
cultural determinism
The belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at emotional and behavioral levels.
transculturation
The exchange and mixture of different cultures around the world.
environmental determinism
A now outdated theory that the environment is the sole determining factor in how a society develops. It is the opposite of possibilism.
globalization
An action or process that takes place on a world-wide scale.
cultural leg
A slower rate of change in a society as compared with others; the failure of the nonmaterial culture to keep up with developments in the material culture.
non-material culture
A component of cultre that consists of the intangible or abstract human creations of society that influence people's behavior (such as taboos, ideas about right & wrong, etc).
popular culture
Culture that is a product of more developed countries (large, heterogeneous societies); diffuses rapidly through modern communication systems and creates a more uniform landscape.
cultural landscape
The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. In other words, it is the man-made or built environment.
cultural realm
The entire region that displays the characteristics of a culture. For example, Latin America is a cultural realm because the entire region speaks a language based on Latin (i.e., the Romance languages).
culture
The body of customary beliefs, material traits (clothing, housing, food), and social forms that make up the distinct traditions of a group of people.
culture regions
A portion of the Earth's surface occupied by a population sharing recognizable and distinctive cultural characteristics.
cultural perception
The varying attitudes and ideas that culture groups have regarding how space, place, and territory are identified and used.
cultural environment
An environment that has developed as a result of a specific culture group's economic and social activities.