stop fighting
Big Four
Clemceau- France
Orlando- Italy
Lloyd george- Great Britan
January 1919
Paris Peace Conference
Who was NOT invited?
Russia and Germany
Clause 231
War guilt clause
policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army for war
alliance system
designed to keep peace in europe
Bismarck saw ___________ as the greatest threat to peace
Triple alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Who forced Bismarck to resgin
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany
Triple Entente
Great Britain, France and Russia
Balkans aka
the power keg of Europe
Austria annexed _________ and ____________
Bosnia and Herzegovina
_____________ was assasined by Gavirilo Princip in __________
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Sarajevo
Black Hand Society
a secret society trying to rid Bosnia of Austrian rule
Franz Ferdinand was the ____________
Austro-Hungarian heir
Austria declared war on ______ on July 28
August 1 German declared war on ___________ in response to their declaration of war on serbia (allies)
Germany also declared war on _________
Great Britain declared war on _________
Central Powers
Germany and Austria,Bulgaria and ottoman empire
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, and Russia, japan and italy
region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central powers battled each other
western front
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of WWI, defeating france fast then going and attacking russia
Schlieffen Plan
Schlieffen Plan needed to be a a) fast working plan. b) slow working plan c) none of the above
Allied powers attacked te germans norhteast of paris. Left Schlieffen plan in ruins
First Battle of Marne
Trench warfare
fighting in trenches
Western Front aka
terrain of death
new weapons
machine guns, poison gas, tanks, zepplines
Bloody battle when germans attacked French
battle of Verdun and battle of somme
WWI, region along the German- Russian border where allied powers battled central powers
Eastern Front
German counterattack
battle of tanneberg
Russia's major asset
attacking Dardanelles to get Constantinople and establishing russia a supply line
Gallipoli Campaign
Who gave up in the gallipolli campaign
The germans declared that they would sink any ships that were close to great britain without warning
unrestricted submarine warfare
What US passenger boat was sunk that had ammunition on it?
Lusitania, and 3 other ships
What caused Woodrow wilson to enter the USA into the war?
Zimmerman note
what day does the US enter the war?
APRIL 2, 1917 on the allies side
total war
all efforts go towards the war
limiting how much people could buy of supplies that could help the war
one sided information, used to persuade
Who steps down from the russian throne?
czar nicholas II
Who takes over russia
What did Lenin do for russia?
ended the war by singing the treaty of Brest- Litovsk
When germany almost won but the US sent in troops at the last moment
second battle of Marne
who stepped down from the german throne?
Kaiser Wilhelm II and declared russia republic
war ended
NOVEMBER 11 , 1918