Terms in this set (39)
Northern Wei Dynasty
Dynasty ruled by the Xian Bei after they moved into china
Emperor of China during the northern Wei dynasty who tried to win over the Chinese by being as Chinese as possible
Nomads who took over China and adopted Chinese ways and cultures.
589-618: first dynasty to unify China after its North/ South split. Its leaders were decendents of the Xian Bei
Yang Jian (Sui WenDi)
conquered the south, unified China, created the Sui dynasty and moved Chang'an because of ghosts.
Emperor from the Sui Dynasty that built the canals and started the Great Wall
General who was tricked by his son into overthrowing the Sui Dynasty and starting the tang Dynasty.
Li Shimin (Tang Taizong)
Forced his father to start the Tang Dynasty then became ruler after his father's death. Expanded the tang Dynasty West and North to control trade routes.
Battle of Talis
Tang Dynasty runs into the Arabs when expanding westward creating a fight for the land. The Arabs win and the Chinese slowly slowly start to loose western territory.
Waterway built by the Sui Dynasty to link the Yellow and Yangzte Rivers
spread by trade frm E. to W. started China and made its way w.-14th C. it spread to W. Europe- carried by rodents and fleas killed 60-70%-population decline, social and econimical effects
sent peasants who need land to settle frontier colonies and gave china a mini militia of farmers.
Religion of the Tang Dynasty
nomadic Turkish people who were hired by the Tang to defeat the rebellion of An Lushan, later sacked Chang'an and Luoyang
The only nation left to oppose the Tang after the Uighurs fell
Empress Wu Zeitan
Originaly Li Shimin's concubine who becomes the emperor of China through a complicated murderous chain of events
Emperor who lived a life of Luxury and laziness and didn't really care about the Turkish revolts like he should have.
Turkic general who stole the emperor's girlfriend and revolted against him for the good of the Empire
group that established control in Northern China after the Tang Dynasty
Name of the nation established in West China post Tang
Empire in Central China post Tang
group that destroyed Liao capitol in mongolia and started the Jin Empire
China's main ocean going ship
Product being experimented with by the Chinese to counter calvary assaults
the term used for the Song version of Confucianism
type of buddhism that asserted mental discipline alone could win salvation.
a robin hood revolt of sorts that came near the end of the Tang
founder of the song dynasty who made military changes
advisor to the emperor who made china a welfare state and made it a loan state
the ruling house of the tang dynasty in the early 900's
a family of priests burecrats and warriors who controlled power and protected the emperor
first of three decentralized military governments in eastern Hunshu
a gift brought to the Song from the Champa Indians
Founder of the Mongol Empire
an official mongol family council or meeting, usually summoned to confirm elections or make major decisions like whether to go to war or not.
Last Mongol Khan who takes over after the 10 year struggle
Started the Yuan Dynasty tried to create a universal language and was opposed by Neo-Confucianists
The 'divine wind,' which the Japanese credited with blowing Mongol invaders led by Kubilai Khan away from their shores in 1281.
Last Chinese Dynasty in our unit