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in an effort to alleviate social tensions, this group was allowed to elect two and then later ten tribunes?
during times of crisis, the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a?
the Roman policy of toleration and respect for conquered peoples was most similar to the?
in the early period of Roman expansion, the principle power in the western Mediterranean was the?
During the Punic Wars, the Romans first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grain in the western Mediterranean. Where was it?
a seige formation that troops formed by surrounding themselves with their shields to avoid defenders' missiles while approaching city walls (literally "the tortoise")
the testudo was?
the leader, supported by the Roman aristocrats, who led a slaughter of more than 10,000 of his political enemies was?
DID: centralize military and political functions, confiscated property from conservatives and distributed it to his veterans/supporters, launched large-scale building projects, extended Roman citizenship to peoples in imperial provinces
after naming himself dictator in 46 BCE, Julius Caesar did all of the following except?
a naval battle at Actium in Greece
Octavian was able to restore order to the Roman world with his victory in 31 BCE at?
stimulated the development of local economies and states
the Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain?
by the second centruy CE, how much of the total population of the Roman Empire was represented by slaves?
the Roman thinker Marcus Tullius Cicero was best associated with the Hellenistic school of thought?
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