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Terms in this set (50)
were usually led by people with extensive knowledge of Western ideas and values.
The two goals which anti-imperialist nationalists were forced to chose between were
modernization or independence.
Many nationalists in European colonies found themselves engulfed in personal turmoil because they
were often more Westernized than the countrymen whom they wanted to liberate.
was initially founded by people who were usually educated, socially elite urbanites.
The term "Mahatma" means
which of the following is/are correctly paired?
Dhoti-simple garment capable of being made in the home.
used his march to the sea to try to convince Indians to ignore the recently increased British salt tax.
The small, Hindu-dominated nationalist group that was formed in India in 1885 was the
Indian National Congress.
Gandhi used the spinning wheel as a symbol of his protest against
imposed textile imports from Britain.
The Indian Congress Party
had leaders that represented both the secular, educated elite, such as Nehru, and also those who rejected many Western traditions, such as Gandhi.
The Young Turks
were the victims of bad timing, as many minority groups were against any links with the Ottoman Empire while ethnic Turks began to desire purely Turkish state.
In appraising the work of Mustapha Kemal Ataturk, one can say that
he created a secular Turkish state that embraced many of the aspects of a modern Western nation.
The Turkish Republic changed its society by all of the following except
making Islam the sole religion of the state.
Western firms made major oil finds in
Persia in 1908 and Saudi Arabia in 1938.
Most of the Iranian oil profits went into the hands of
Under Shah Reza Khan
the bureaucracies of Iran's government, both civilian and military, were modernized.
According to the Balfour Declaration,
a Jewish homeland was to be founded in Palestine.
After World War I
Ibn Saud established the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
a, b and c
In the Middle East during the interwar period,
a massive oil discovery at Dhahran in 1938 moved Saudi Arabia from being an area of chronic poverty to one of unexpected national affluence.
In an effort to find allies in a hostile world, Lenin
tried to develop temporary alliances with colonial nationalist movements in order to overthrow the imperialist colonial regimes.
How did the Bolshevik victory in Russia alter African and Asian ideas about Marxism?
Nationalist leaders became receptive because they saw their "pre-modern" as like that of "backward Russia," thus making Russian developments relevant.
By the end of the 1920s, the Comintern
had achieved its greatest success in Confucian societies such as Vietnam and China.
A famous alliance between communist and nationalist parties in the 1920s took place in
Between 1911 and the early 1920s in China,
a number of young revolutionaries, in the hope of hastening the advance of the revolution, organized the Chinese Community Party at Peking University in 1921.
The New Culture Movement at Peking University
advocated the study of science and democracy and virtually all "new" and largely Western ideas.
The so-called "May Fourth Movement" was
a series of demonstrations by Chinese students and other urbanites in opposition to the Japanese being awarded Germany's sphere of influence in Shandong province.
During the 1920s
acting on Comintern advice, the CCP allied itself with the Nationalists in 1923.
By the mid-1930's
Chinese urbanites had become more Westernized in fashions and social practices, but most rural Chinese still clung to traditional ways.
The writings of most early-twentieth-century Chinese authors
showed contempt for the traditional Chinese past.
The Chinese Communist Party
managed to survive a series of defeats, including even the crushing losses suffered during Mao Zedong's Long March in 1934.
To avoid eradication by Chiang's army, Mao led his PLA from South China to the North China town of Yan'an. This journey has come to be called the
Chiang's "New Life Movement" was an effort to
promote Confucian social ethics, while simultaneously rejecting Western capitalist values of excessive greed and individualism.
Which of the following was not correct regarding Chiang's programs in China?
He was able to solve China's economic and social problems.
Lu Xun's "Diary of a Madman"
attacked the negative aspects of the traditional Chinese family.
Chinese society from 1920 until the late 1930s
both b and c
During the first decades of the twentieth century, Japan
was influenced by the advocacy of radical nationalism by Kita Ikki.
The Japanese term for the industrial and financial conglomerates that controlled much of the nation's industry was
Which of the following statements is an accurate statement about Japan during the early decades of the twentieth century?
It practiced Shidehara diplomacy during the 1920s.
Major political changes in Japan in the early twentieth century included the
extension of voting rights to all men in 1925.
Japanese foreign relations during the interwar years included all except
maintaining a policy of peace with China.
Which of the following explains the success of Japan between the late- 1800s and 1930?
The Meiji Restoration, and Japanese resiliency, set the stage for rapid Japanese development.
Japanese literature in the early 1900s
both b and c
The United States
was seen as an imperialist power by many Latin Americans, particularly when they examined the relationship with dictators such as Juan Vicente Gomez in Venezuela and the activities of the United Fruit Company in Central America.
The major exports produced by Latin America included
beef and wheat from Argentina.
During the Great Depression,
exports from Latin America dropped to about half those of the late-1920s.
Governments in Latin America after 1920
differed widely in policies, as Argentina's move toward middle-class representation faded with Irigoyen's fall, while Mexican peasants gained from land reform under Cardenas.
the Cardenas government nationalized the foreign oil companies' holdings and provided millions of acres of land to landless peasants.
Latin American culture
adopted a number of current and avant-garde European art forms.
The United States firm that dominated the economies and governments in most Central American countries in the early 1900s was
the United Fruit Company.
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