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Chapter 10 America Claims an Empire
Terms in this set (25)
Last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian islands. In 1898, Hawaii was annexed to the United States and she was forced to give up her throne.
Policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories.
Alfred T. Mahan
Admiral of U.S.Navy, urged government officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations.
Secretary of State under presidents Lincoln and Johnson, in 1867 arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million.
American naval base in the Hawaiian Islands.
The American statesman who set up a government and was president of the Republic of Hawaii after its annexation to the United States in 1898.
Cuban poet and journalist in exile in NY, launched revolution in 1895, organized Cuban resistance against Spain.
Spanish General sent to Cuba to restore order, tried to crush rebellion by herding Cubans into barbed wire concentration camps.
Style of writing which exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers.
Was ordered to Cuba to bring home American citizens in danger from the fighting and to protect American property, and was blown up in the harbor of Havana on February 15, 1898.
United States Commodore gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet at Manila. Dewey's victory destroyed every Spanish ship there, and allowed U.S. troops to land in the Philippines.
A volunteer cavalry regiment, commanded by Theodore Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American War.
san juan hill
Took place on July 1, 1898 was the bloodiest and most famous battle of the Spanish-American War in which Theodore Roosevelt was declared as a hero.
Treaty of Paris
The treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and
Puerto Rico to theU.S. and sold the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million.
A series of provisions that, in 1901, the United States insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the United States the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval and feuling stations.
A Filipino rebel leader who believed that the U.S. had promised independence during the Treaty of Paris,when he learned the terms of the treaty he vowed to fight for freedom.
U.S. Secretary of State, in 1899 issued a series of policy statements to protect American interests in China.
Open Door Policy
Other nations cannot interfere with U.S. trading rights with China.
A 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence.
Artificial waterway that opened in 1914 that cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
An extension to the Monroe Doctrine announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, claiming that U.S. would now use force to protect its economic interests in Latin America.
Taft's policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over other countries.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Opposed Carranza's provisional government, fierce nationalist, courted the support and aid of U.S.
Opposed Carranza's provisional government, son of a mestizo peasant, dedicated to land reform.
John J. Pershing
Brigadier General, ordered by President Wilson into Mexico to capture Villa dead or alive.
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