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Unit 7 "Print Reading for Construction: Residential and Commercial"
Professor Segner TAMU
Terms in this set (94)
Material added to concrete or mortar to alter it in some way.
Building units made from natural sun-dried lays of earth and a binder.
Sand, gravel, rock, or other material used along with cement and water to make concrete.
With regard to structural steel, an L-shaped member with two perpendicular legs. Common leg lengths are 2"-7", with common thickness of 1/8"-5/8".
A stone cut by sawing to a rectangular shape.
Glass building material produced by heating annealed glass to the point where it softens so it can be pressed over a form.
The holding or gripping force between reinforcing steel and concrete. Also, the pattern in which masonry units are laid.
A reinforced concrete beam running around a masonry wall to provide added strength. Vertical ____ _____s are formed by inserting reinforcing bar in a cell after the wall is laid and filling with grout.
Construction method that uses units (bricks) that are manufactured, rather than removed from quarries.
The most commonly used type of brick, specified for applications where appearance is not important. Normally called "common brick"
The material used in concrete to bind the aggregate together.
Floor or wall covering units made from nonmetallic minerals, fired at very high temperature.
Structural material comprising water, gravel, sand and cement.
Solid or cored units molded from a mixture of Portland cement and aggregates and hardened chemically.
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
A masonry unit made of concrete measuring 8" x 8" x 16" long (including mortar joint)
Stones that are cut to size and finished at a mill prior to being used for construction.
A select brick made of clays and chemicals to produce a desired color and effect for use in the face of a wall.
Metals that contain iron as a principal element and typically have magnetic properties. (Iron and Steel)
A refractory ceramic brick made to resist high temperatures.
A tile used primarily for floor coverings. It is produced from clays and is fired in a kiln to harden the surface.
Insulating material made of mineral or vegetable fiber and available in blanket and batt form.
The most common type of glass, produced by _____ing a continuous ribbon of molten glass on a bath of molten tin.
Classification method used for metal materials less than 1/4" in thickness (often called "sheet metal")
Translucent ceramic material used in building construction.
Hollow Building units made by fusing two sections of glass together.
Brick Finished with a hard, smooth coating, and used for decorative and special service applications.
Rock aggregate material ranging in diameter from 1/4" to several inches.
A building technology utilizing design strategies and construction methods to build structures that make efficient use of natural resources and energy. Also known as sustainable design.
A cementitious mixture of high water content, prepared to pour easily into spaces in a masonry wall. Made from Portland Cement, lime, and aggregate, it is used to secure anchor bolts and vertical reinforcing rode in masonry walls.
A chemical reaction between cement and water that results in the hardening of concrete.
A window or door glass consisting of two sheets of glass separated by a sealed air space to reduce heat transfer.
Building units made from natural clays or shales (sometimes with other materials added, such as coloring) and molded to shape dried, and fired for hardness.
A method of constructing by bonding layers of material with an adhesive, such as plastic laminate or a glue-laminated wood beam.
Soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs.
Support member for a masonry opening, usually made of precast concrete or steel.
Insulation made from particles of material such as rock wool, wood fibers, cork, wood pulp products, or vermiculite. It is poured, blown, or packed in place by hand.
Wood that has been cut to specific dimensions for structural use.
Cementitious substance used as a binding agent for masonry units.
Small tiles, typically 1" square, that can be laid to form a design or pattern.
Metals containing little or no iron.
Open-Web Steel Joists
A truss type joist with top and bottom chords and a web formed of diagonal members. Some manufacturers make a joist with chords of wood and a steel web and refer to it as a truss joint.
Sheet glass with a pattern rolled into one or both sides to diffuse the light and provide privacy.
Hard-surfaced brick used in driveways or areas where abrasion is a concern.
Highly porous concrete that allows water to pass through it.
Site plan; plot
Includes features on the plan that are natural. A drawing showing the location of a building on its plot of land and various details of the land. Also called a ____ plan.
Sheet glass that has been heat-treated during forming, producing a brilliant surface that is ground and polished when cooled.
A composite lumber material consisting of layers of wood glued together with their grains oriented perpendicular.
A floor covering material produced from clays that provide a wear-resistant surface.
Insulation made from materials such as aluminum foil, sheet metal with tin coating and paper products coated with a reflective oxide composition.
Steel bars placed within forms and surrounded by concrete. The surface of ___________ ____ is normally deformed to improve the bond between the bar and the concrete.
A lightweight, low-density product with good heat and acoustical insulating qualities. It is available in large sheets.
Wood that has been cut to size but not dressed or surfaced.
A type of stone masonry unit taken directly from the quarry, without smoothing or finishing.
A numeric classification for insulating value (resistance to heat transfer).
Glass that has been treated to resist breakage, or to break into less hazardous pieces.
Building units molded from a mixture of sand and lime and hardened under steam pressure and heat.
Glass commonly used for windows in thicknesses of 3/32" or 1/8".
A masonry wall composed of one row of bricks.
Colored glass produced by adding metallic oxides in the molten state. This glass can be used for windows and decorative pieces. Sometimes called art or cathedral glass.
Construction method using granite, limestone, marble, sandstone, or slate as a building material. Today, _____ _______ is usually decorative, rather than structural.
Structural Clay Tiles
Building units made of materials similar to brick, but in larger sizes.
General name for several types of mild steel normally used in construction.
Wood that has been dressed or finished to size by running it through a planer.
The ability of a structure to maintain operational efficiency and have minimal impact on the environment throughout its lifetime.
A building technology utilizing design strategies and construction methods to build structures that make efficient use of natural resources and energy. Also known as green building.
A type of clay tile used for its attractiveness. Literally - burnt earth.
Material designed to reduce heat transmission through walls, ceilings, and floors.
Welded Wire Fabric (WWF)
Wire mesh fabricated by means of welding the crossing joints of steel wires. Normally used to reinforce concrete slabs.
English Cross Bond
4: A brick laid in a flat position, lengthwise with the wall.
5: A course of brick laid flat so their long dimension is across the thickness of the wall, and the heads of the course of bricks show on the face of the wall.
Mortar ____ _ has high compressive strength and good durability. It is used for unreinforced underground masonry.
Mortar ____ _ is also high-strength mortar. Although its compressive strength is not as high as that of Type M, it has stronger bond and greater lateral strength. It also has the greatest tensile strength of any mortar type. ____ _ is used for reinforced masonry, unreinforced masonry subjected to bending, and in situations where mortar is the only connection between face brick and backing brick
Mortar ____ _ is a medium-strength, general-use mortar. It is best used for exposed, above-ground masonry.
Mortar ____ _ is low-strength mortar used for interior, non-bearing masonry. This type or mortar should not be used in applications that will be exposed to freezing temperatures.
Mortar ____ _ has very low strength and should only be used for interior applications when strength is not a concern.
Applying chromium as a finish to a metal surface.
Coating steel or iron with zinc to resist rusting. __________ iron is widely used for flashing and other applications where weather tends to corrode metals.
Certain steels are designed to form a protective layer of ____, a reddish-brown surface coating formed when the metal is exposed to moisture and air.
An adherent metallic coating deposited by electrolysis. Electrolysis is a process that uses electrical current to migrate positively and negatively charged ions from electrodes to the metal product.
Water, Air Entrainment, Coarse Aggregates, Fine Aggregates, Cement
Components of Concrete:
Constructed with a uniform continuous height.
Tends to form columns. (Ashlar)
Broken Range Ashlar
Consists of squared stones of different sizes laid in uniform courses, but range is broken within a course. (Ashlar)
Random Range Ashlar
Neither course nor range remain uniform. (Ashlar)
Course is not uniform and ends are broken, not square. (Ashlar)
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