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(true/false) America remained concerned about key international developments in the 1870s and 1880s.


(true/false) . Alfred T. Mahan argued in his book that the control of colonies to provide raw materials and markets was the key to world history.


(true/false) The South American boundary dispute in 1895-1896 nearly resulted in a U.S. war with Venezuela.


(true/false) The Venezuelan boundary dispute was resolved when the United States backed away because of its growing conflict with Germany.


(true/false) President Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because he believed that the white planters there had unjustly deposed Queen Liliukalani.


(true/false) Americans strongly sympathized with the Cubans' revolt against imperialist Spain.


(true/false) The Hearst press worked to promote a peaceful, negotiated settlement involving Cuban self government under Spanish rule.


(true/false) President McKinley tried to resist the pressure for war with Spain coming from business- people and Wall Street financiers.


(true/false) Admiral Dewey's squadron attacked Spanish forces in the Philippines because of secret orders given by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt.


(true/false) American forces were aided in capturing Manila by native Filipinos who were rebelling against Spain.


(true/false) The American military conquest of Cuba was efficient, but very costly in battlefield casualties.


(true/false) President McKinley was partially motivated by religion in his decision to keep the Philippines.


(true/false) The treaty to annex the Philippines was approved by a wide margin in the Senate.


(true/false) The Supreme Court decided in the insular cases that American constitutional law and rights applied fully in the U.S. colonial possessions of Puerto Rico and the Philippines.


(true/false) The Spanish-American War made the United States a full-fledged power in East Asia.

arguing that sea power was the key to world domination

Alfred Thayer Mahan promoted American overseas expansion by

the need to find new African and Asian sources of raw materials for American industry

Which of the following was not among the factors propelling America toward overseas expansion in the 1890s?

British retreat and growing American-British friendship.

The final result of the Venezuela-Guiana crisis with Britain was

White planters had illegally overthrown Queen Liliuokalani against the wishes of most native Hawaiians.

President Grover Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because

Americans sympathized with Cuban rebels in their fight for freedom from Spanish rule.

Americans first became concerned with the situation in Cuba because

William Randolph Hearst's sensational newspaper accounts of Spanish atrocities in Cuba.

Even before the sinking of the Maine, the American public's indignation at Spain had been whipped into a frenzy by

President McKinley was reluctant to get into a war

Even after the Maine exploded, the United States was slow to declare war on Cuba because

He had been ordered to do so by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt.

As soon as the U.S. declared war on Spain, Commodore George Dewey sailed to the Philippine Islands because

the leader of Filipino insurgents against Spanish rule.

Emilio Aguinaldo was

bad food, disease, and unsanitary conditions

The largest cause of American deaths in Cuba was

Puerto Rico

In addition to Cuba, American forces successfully seized the Spanish-owned Caribbean colony of

a combination of religious piety and material economic interests

President William McKinley based his decision to make the Philippines an American colony on

Mark Twain and William James

Among prominent Americans who opposed annexation of the Philippines were

patriotism and economic opportunities

Pro-imperialist Americans argued that the Philippines should be seized because of

the United States had the right to intervene with troops and maintain military bases in Cuba

The Platt Amendment provided that

Our Country

Book written by a Protestant minister that proclaimed the superiority of Anglo-Saxon civilization

Samoan Islands

Remote Pacific site of a naval clash between the United States and Germany in 1889


South American nation that nearly came to blows with the United states in 1892 over and incident involving the deaths of American sailors

Monroe Doctrine

The principle of American foreign policy invoked by Secretary of State Olney to justify American intervention in the Venezuelan boundary dispute

Pearl Harbor

Valuable naval base acquired by the United Stated from the Hawaiian government in 1887

Yellow Journalism

Term for the sensationalistic and jingoistic pro-war journalism practiced by W.R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer


American battleship sent on a "friendly" visit to Cuba that ended in disaster and war

Teller Amendment

Amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the United States would grant Cubans their freedom

Manilla Bay

Site of the dramatic American naval victory that led to U.S. acquisition of rich, Spanish-owned Pacific islands

Rough Riders

Colorful volunteer regiment of the Spanish-American War led by a militarily inexperienced but politically influential colonel

Puerto Rico

The Caribbean island conquered from Spain in 1898 that became an important American colony

Anti-Imperialistic Legion

Group that battled against American colonization of the Philippines, which includes such influential citizens as Mark Twain and Andrew Carnegie

Insular Cases

Supreme Court cases of 1901 that determined that the U.S. Constitution did not apply in all territories under the American flag

Platt Amendment

American-imposed restriction written into the constitution of Cuba that guaranteed American naval bases on the island and declared that the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba

Yellow Fever

Deadly tropical disease conquered during the Spanish-American War by Dr. Walter Reed and other American medical researchers

Josiah Strong

American clergyman who preached Anglo-Saxon superiority and called for stronger U.S. missionary effort overseas

Alfred Thayer Mahan

American naval officer who wrote influential books emphasizing sea power and advocating a big navy

Richard Olney

Belligerent U.S. secretary of state who used the Monroe Doctrine to pressure Britain in the Venezuelan boundary crisis

Queen Liliuokalani

Native Hawaiian ruler overthrown in a revolution led by white planters and aided by U.S. troops

Grover Cleveland

American president who refused to annex Hawaii on the grounds that the native ruler had been unjustly deposed

"Butcher" Weyler

Spanish general whose brutal tactics against Cuban rebels outraged American public opinion

William R. Hearst

Vigorous promoter of sensationalistic anti-Spanish propaganda and eager advocate of war

William McKinley

President who initially opposed war with Spain but eventually supported U.S. acquisition of the Philippines

George E. Dewy

Naval commander whose spectacular May Day victory in 1898 opened the doors to American imperialism in Asia

Theodore Roosevelt

Imperialist advocate, aggressive assistant navy secretary, Rough Rider

Emilio Aguinaldo

Leader of the Filipino insurgents who aided Americans in defeating Spain and taking Manila

Leonard Wood

Military commander of the Rough Riders in Cuba, who later organized the efficient American military government of Cuba

William James

Harvard philosopher and one of the leading anti-imperialists opposing U.S. acquisition of the Philippines

William Jennings Bryan

Leading Democratic politician whose intervention narrowly tipped the Senate vote in favor of acquiring the Philippines in 1899

Walter Reed

American doctor who led the medical efforts to conquer yellow fever during U.S. occupation of Cuba

Turned America away from isolationism and toward international involvements in the 1890s

(cause/effect) Economic expansion, the yellow press, and competition with other powers

Strengthened the Monroe Doctrine and made Britain more willing to accommodate U.S. interests

(cause/effect) The Venezuelan boundary dispute

Set off the first debate about the wisdom and rightness of American overseas imperialism

(cause/effect) The white planter revolt against Queen Liliuokalani

Aroused strong sympathy from most Americans

(cause/effect) The Cuban revolt against Spain

Created an emotional and irresistible public demand for war with Spain

(cause/effect) The Maine explosion

Led to the surprising U.S. victory over Spain at Manila Bay

(cause/effect) Theodore Roosevelt's orders to Commodore Dewey

Enabled America's unprepared military forces to gain quick and easy victories

(cause/effect) The confusion and weakness of Spain's Army and Navy

Set off a bitter debate about imperialism in the Senate and the country

(cause/effect) McKinley's decision to keep the Philippines

Tipped a narrow Senate vote in favor of imperialist acquisition of the Philippines

(cause/effect) W.J. Bryan's last-minute support for the treaty acquiring the Philippines

Enhanced American national pride and made the United States and international power in East Asia

(cause/effect) The Spanish-American War

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