Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety & Wellness
Terms in this set (32)
Strategies to Manage Stress
minimize or eliminate stressors
change work environment
cut back overtime
talk about feelings
limit caffeine, alcohol, tobacco
develop friends/interests outside emergency services
Wellness & Stress Management
nutrition - eat good food, physically prep for stress
exercise & relax
sleep - regular, uninterrupted
disease prevention - know family history, adjust lifestyle
balance work, family, and health - rotate schedule, take time off
How can you minimize infection risk?
Routes of Disease Transmission (5)
direct contact (blood-borne pathogens)
indirect contact (needle sticks)
vector-borne transmission (fleas, ticks, etc.)
How can you reduce risk/prevent infection from communicable diseases?
Be properly trained in handling blood-borne pathogens
Good hand hygiene, wear PPE (gloves, gown, mask, eye protection, face shield, etc.) - CDC
Properly handle soiled patient care equipment & needles/other sharp objects, regularly clean commonly touched and other environmental surfaces (environmental controls)
Use devices that prevent direct contact with victims during patient resuscitation, proper respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette (cover mouth, use tissues, masks, hand hygiene, distance > 3 ft.
Proper Hand Hygiene
Simplest & MOST effective way to control disease transmission.
Wash before & after patient contact, even if you wear gloves
No running water? Use a waterless hand washing substitute.
Instructions for gloves
Wear gloves if there is any possibility for exposure to blood or body fluids
Vinyl, nitrile, and latex gloves are good
Mouth to Mouth Precautions
Use pocket mask or bag valve mask, mouth to mouth may transmit disease.
Dispose of devices according to local guidelines.
Why is proper disposal of sharps important?
Helps avoid HIV and Hepatitis
DO NOT recap, break, or bend needles.
Dispose in an approved closed container.
What do you do if you are exposed to a patient's blood or bodily fluids?
Turn patient care over to another EMS provider
Clean exposed area
Rinse eyes if necessary (20 min)
Activate dept. infection control plan
Complete exposure report
How do you deal with Hazardous Materials?
Use your ERG
Identify what you can from a distance
Do not enter unless it is safe to do so
How do you deal with Electricity?
NOT in your scope of training
Mark off a danger zone
Keep in mind this might be lightning! A repeat strike CAN occur.
How do you deal with Fire?
Use proper protection
Remember the hazards...smoke, low O2, high temps, toxic gases, building collapse
How do you deal with Vehicle Crashes?
Common events for EMS
Remember traffic hazards, unstable vehicles, downed power lines, sharp objects (use PPE)
Preventing injury with protective clothing
Turnout Gear (heat, fire, sparks, and flashover)
Cold-weather Clothing (3 layers)
Gloves (can prevent injury resulting from heat, cold, and cuts BUT it can reduce dexterity)
Helmets protect head from falling objects
Boots (steel toe) can protect feet.
Caring for Critically Ill and Injured Patients
Let the patient know who you are and what you are doing
Let them know you are attending to his or her immediate needs
How should you communicate with the critical patient?
Avoid sad and grim comments
Orient the patient
Deal with possible initial refusal of care
Allow for hope
Locate and notify family members
How should you care for injured & critically ill children?
Ask a responsible adult to accompany the child
What should you do in the event of a child's death?
Help the family in any way you can
Let the family's actions be your guide
Prepare the parents (invited them to see or hold the child if possible, prepare the parents especially if body is disfigured, or asphyxiated)
What are the five stages of gieving?
How can you help during the event of a death or dying patient?
Ask how you can help
Reinforce reality (ex. "I am so sorry for your loss." Just be sincere, honest, and compassionate)
Allow the patient and family to grieve
Acute Stress Reactions
Occur during a stressful situation
delayed stress reactions
Manifest after stressful event
Cumulative Stress Reactions
Prolonged or excessive stress
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) was developed to decrease likelihood of PTSD
What are some warning signs of stress?
Inability to concentrate
Difficulty sleeping or increased sleeping
Physical symptoms such as chronic pain
Feelings of hopelessness
Loss of appetite
Loss of interest in work
Increased use of alcohol and drugs
How can you deal with/manage Stressful Situations?
Use extreme care in words and actions
Bring sense of order and stability to the situation
Allow patients to express fears and concerns
Transport parents with their children
What should you do in uncertain situations?
If it is unclear whether a true medical emergency exists, contact medical control about the need to transport. If in doubt, transport.
What events can create violent situations?
Large gatherings of potentially hostile people
How can you help manage Violent Situations?
Know who is in command
Protect from dangers to provide care
Call for additional help if needed
Do not disturb crime scene evidence
What are two types of sexual harassment?
quid pro quo and hostile work environment
Report harassment to supervisor immediately and keep notes.
Substance Abuse in the Workplace, how do you deal with it?
Increases risks on the job
Leads to poor decision making
Seek help or find a way to confront an addicted coworker
Employee assistance programs (EAPs) are often available
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 16 - Cardiovascular Emergencies
Chapter 15 - Respiratory Emergencies
Chapter 12 - Shock
Chapter 11 - Pharmacology
Other Quizlet sets
ASSEST FORFEITURE 7/17
concept checks CH. 6-9
A Man For All Seasons Act 2 Scene 1