History Test 3
Terms in this set (38)
Theodore Roosevelt became the first ___________ president.
1912, Roosevelt formed a new political Party called the ______________ Party.
Clayton Anti-trust Act, 1914
more power over monopolies, strengthened the unions
The Progressive Movement
_________________ sought to correct social injustices in American life, especially to end poverty.
1. Social workers hired to help the poor
2. YMCA formed and opened libraries, sponsored classes, built swimming pools, etc.
3. Salvation Army fed the poor in soup kitchens
4. Some people felt bad morals caused poverty, so programs were started to improve behavior
How were social injustices corrected?
The Women's Christian Temperance Union
led a crusade to ban alcohol (prohibition) to better people's morals (largest women's group in history)
_________ used her hatchets to destroy saloons. This brought attention to the reform.
To bring attention to reform ____________ wrote about the corruption in society.
_________ reduced the workday and paid workers more. He felt if he paid his workers well, they could buy his cars.
________ wrote a book called "The Jungle" to bring attention to the mistreatment of meatpacking workers.
The book "The Jungle"
_____________ showed the filth in the meatpacking industry.
natural disasters or by reform mayors (like New Orleans and Katrina)
Local governments reformed themselves either as a result of ______________ or _____________.
State governor ____________ of Wisconsin used college professors or experts to help draft laws to reform society.
Keating-Owen Act of 1916
federal law that prohibited child labor in goods transported across state lines
The Supreme Court
____________ ruled that state had the right to regulate labor, so each state had to write its own laws against child labor.
Louis D. Brandeis
First Jewish judge on the Supreme Court, known as the people's attorney. Attacked business abuses of workers.
Muller vs. Oregon, 1908
Women were limited to 10 hours labor each day.
Bunting vs. Oregon, 1917
Men were limited to a 10 hour day.
_________ - Australian ballot
_________ - bill originates with the people
_________ - voters may remove public officials from office by forcing them to face another election
__________ - a vote on an initiative
__________ - a meeting to nominate candidates for office
17th Amendment , 1913
direct election of senators
discrimination and segregation
By the 1900's, the South
had adopted a system of legal
________________ and _______________.
take away votes
1. poll tax
2. literacy tests
To prevent the lack of voting the south imposed:
if you voted before the civil war you still could vote (passed for poor uneducated whites)
Jim Crow laws
These laws of separation
became known as ____________.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
S.C. case to test the constitutionality of segregation, 1896. It ruled that separation of races in public accommodations was legal and did not violate the 14th Amendment as long as the accommodations were equal.
This legalized separation lasted for about ____ years.
______ African-Am. men and women were shot, burned or hanged without a trial. Lynching cont. into the 20th century.
Howard, Atlanta and Fisk Universities
African-Am. universities opened ____________, ___________, and ___________.
Booker T. Washington
believed racism would end when blacks
acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society
- born a slave
- grew up in the south
- book "Up from Slavery"
- vacational education
he believed blacks should seek a liberal arts education just like whites and should get rights now
- rich man in the north
- graduated from Harvard
- book "The Souls of Black Folk"
- liberal arts education
- founded the NAACP
Susan B. Anthony
_____________ fought for women's suffrage.
kicked out of the movement for being a radical
- formed the National Women's Party
- suffragette (fought for voting)
- force feed
By _________ women had the right to vote but it did not pass until _________.
1st women in the in the House of Representatives
Who are the Progressive Presidents?
a system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to an employer
In _________ debt peonage was declared illegal.