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Industrial Revolution

the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation

Marbury v. Madison

This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review


an advocate of democratic principles

Bleeding Kansas

A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Set up a unified government for the towns of the Connecticut area (Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield). First constitution written in America.


Movement to end slavery


supporters of the constitution


a member of the Republican Party


an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests

Civil Disobedience

a group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination)

Mayflower Compact

1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.

Primary Source

an original source that informs directly, not through another person's explanation or interpretation


Cash crop that made a profit and saved Jamestown


a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)


a written plan of government


government type of democracy the U.S has


People who had the right to participate in government

Magna Carta

the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215


vote against


approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation


relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area


freedom from control or influence of another or others

Religious Freedom

ability to choose which religion to practice


living in or characteristic of farming or country life


declaration of independece was signed

Free Enterprise

an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices

Civic Virtue

notion that democracy depended on unselfish commitment to the public good

Northwest Ordinance

document that set up government in NW Territory and added 5 new states

Declaration of Independence

the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain


goods brought into a country


Goods and Services sold to other countries

Eli Whitney

United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)


decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice

Secondary Source

information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event


A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting


people who opposed the Constitution

Founding Fathers

patriots who laid the groundwork for the US

California Gold Rush

1849 (San Francisco 49ers) Gold discovered in California attracted a rush of people all over the country to San Francisco.


an area that is approximately central within some larger region


a state in southeastern United States

Electoral College

the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president

Protective Tariff

a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition

Harper's Ferry

John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged

Avoid Foreign Alliances

dont help or take help fom other countries

Limited Government

basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away


the northeastern region of the United States


from the south

Unalienable Rights

rights that cannot be taken away

Missouri Compromise

an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories


the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government


makes laws


persons who administer the law


a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them


the study of how society manages its scarce resources

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