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54 terms

Civil War Note Cards

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Industrial Revolution
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Democrat
an advocate of democratic principles
Bleeding Kansas
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Set up a unified government for the towns of the Connecticut area (Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield). First constitution written in America.
Abolition
Movement to end slavery
Federalists
supporters of the constitution
Republican
a member of the Republican Party
Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Civil Disobedience
a group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination)
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Primary Source
an original source that informs directly, not through another person's explanation or interpretation
Tobacco
Cash crop that made a profit and saved Jamestown
Parliament
a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
Constitution
a written plan of government
Democrat-Republican
government type of democracy the U.S has
Citizens
People who had the right to participate in government
Magna Carta
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215
Veto
vote against
Ratify
approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
Urban
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
Independence
freedom from control or influence of another or others
Religious Freedom
ability to choose which religion to practice
Rural
living in or characteristic of farming or country life
1776
declaration of independece was signed
Free Enterprise
an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices
Civic Virtue
notion that democracy depended on unselfish commitment to the public good
Northwest Ordinance
document that set up government in NW Territory and added 5 new states
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Imports
goods brought into a country
Exports
Goods and Services sold to other countries
Eli Whitney
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Judicial
decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice
Secondary Source
information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
Republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Anti-federalists
people who opposed the Constitution
Founding Fathers
patriots who laid the groundwork for the US
California Gold Rush
1849 (San Francisco 49ers) Gold discovered in California attracted a rush of people all over the country to San Francisco.
Middle
an area that is approximately central within some larger region
Georgia
a state in southeastern United States
Electoral College
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Protective Tariff
a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Avoid Foreign Alliances
dont help or take help fom other countries
Limited Government
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away
Northeast
the northeastern region of the United States
Southern
from the south
Unalienable Rights
rights that cannot be taken away
Missouri Compromise
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
Republicanism
the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government
Legislative
makes laws
Executive
persons who administer the law
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Economics
the study of how society manages its scarce resources