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SAT Prep Vocab Lessons 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
altruistic
unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others, generous
ambivalent
having contrary feelings or attitudes, uncertain as to course of action
angular
lean, sharp cornered, gaunt
arrogant
overbearingly assuming, insolently proud
aversion
strong disinclination, disliking
discern
to differentiate between two or more things
disdain
intense dislike, to treat with scorn or contempt, to reject as unworthy
disparage
to degrade, to speak of someone or something in a derogatory manner
disparity
inequality, the condition or fact of being unequal in age, rank, or degree
embellish
to decorate, to make beautiful with ornamentation
engender
to cause, to produce, to create
innocuous
harmless, producing no injury
insipid
boring and stupid
lament
to mourn or to express sorrow in a demonstrative manner
laud
to praise, to extol
obscure
difficult to see, vague
ostentatious
showy, pretentious
prodigal
wasteful, a person given to extravagance
repudiate
to reject, to disown, to disavow
reticence
restraint in speech, reluctant to speak
revere
to honor, to regard with respect
serene
calm, placid
subtle
delicate, elusive, not obvious
superfluous
beyond what is needed or required, an overflow
taciturn
quiet, not verbose
antithesis
a direct opposite, a contrast
ascend
to move upward, to rise from a lower station
austere
strict, stern, unadorned, ascetic
autonomous
independent, self-contained
banal
common, ordinary, lacking freshness
benign
not causing harm, of gentle disposition, beneficial
capricious
changing suddenly, fickle
dawdle
to waste time, to spend time idly, to move in a lackluster manner
defamation
act of harming or ruining another's reputation
esoteric
understood only by a small group or a select few
exacerbate
to aggravate, to irritate, to vex
extol
to praise, to glorify
fastidious
reflecting a meticulous or demanding attitude, critical to an extreme
furtive
secret in an underhanded way, stealthy
gregarious
sociable and outgoing
hypocrite
one who is insincere or deceitful
innate
existing from birth, inborn
lethargic
sluggish, languid
melancholy
depression of spirits
opaque
not allowing the passage of light, not transparent, hard to understand
prolific
abundantly fruitful, marked by great productivity
reprove
to scold or to rebuke for a misdeed usually with kind intent
symmetry
balanced proportions
tranquil
peaceful, calm
venerate
to honor, to revere
abstruse
difficult to understand, concealed
affable
friendly, courteous, amiable
audacity
excessive boldness, rashness, daring
contrite
extremely apologetic, remorseful
credulous
believing on slight evidence, gullible
depravity
moral corruption, a wicked act
deprecate
to disapprove regretfully, to belittle
didactic
instructive, designed to teach
dormant
inactive, sleepy
enigmatic
mysterious, inexplicable, puzzling
erudite
scholarly
exotic
foreign, unfamiliar
fuse
to mix or to join (usually by melting)
immutable
unchanging
incorrigible
incapable of being reformed or improved
loathe
to detest
mitigate
to cause to become less harsh or hostile, to make less severe
nullify
to cause not to be in effect
pacifistic
opposed to war or use of force
pretentious
making an extravagant outward show, self-important
prologue
introductory remarks in a speech, play or literary work, introductory action
recant
to withdraw or to repudiate a statement or belief, revoke
servile
overly submissive
trepidation
fear, trembling, agitation
vilify
to defame, to utter abusive statements against