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Plants 13 &14

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botany
study of plants
seeds
structures that contain young plant and store food in a seed coat
annual
sprout, grow, flower and produce seeds all in one season. Usually die over winter
perennial
grow year after year
rhizoids
root-like but no vascualr tissue, anchor mosses and draw up water
antheridia
male part of the gametophyte, make sperm
archegonia
female part of gemtopphyte; conatin ovum
frond
fern leaf
sori
spore producing, sporangia on bottom of frond
preothallus
heart shaped gametophyte generation of ferns, has rhizoids underneath and archegonia and antheridia on top
fiddlehead
coiled younhg fern leaf
fruit
mature ovary, enclose seeds
cotyledon
contains stored food that noursihes embyonic plant
Phylumn Bryophyta
non-vascualr, no seeds, only spores; mosses
Phylum Pteridophyta
vascualr, no seeds, only spores; ferns
Phylum Coniferophyta
vascualr, gymnosperms; cone bearing plants (pine, fir, spruce, yew, redwood, cypress, cedar
gymnosperms
naked seeds
Phylum Anthophyta
vascualr, angiosperms, flowers; most vegetation on earth, maples, oaks, flowers, crops, anythingwith flowers or blossoms
Angiosperms
seeds in a vessel
monocots
1 cotelydon, parallel venation, fibrous roots, scattered vascular bundles, petals in 3's or 6's
dicots
2 cotyledons, netted venation, tap roots, vascular bundles in a ring, petals in pairs 5's and 4's
pistil
stigma, style, and ovary
stamen
anther and filament
...
part of the root