APWH chapter 24
Terms in this set (45)
Luther's initial stimulus for formulating the Ninety-Five Theses was...
the sale of indulgences.
The author of the Ninety-Five Theses was...
The Catholic church dramatically pushed the sale of indulgences in the sixteenth century because of the...
need to raise funds for the construction of St. Peter's basilica.
Which one of the following was not one of Luther's problems with the Roman Catholic church?
the church's decision to translate the Bible into vernacular languages
Who said, "I cannot and will not recant anything, for it is neither safe nor right to act against one's conscience. Here I stand. I can do no other."?
In the centuries following the fall of Rome, the only unifying force for all of Europe was...
the Catholic church.
Henry VIII's reformation in England...
was much more politically driven than Luther's reformation.
The event that inspired Henry VIII to confront the pope was...
Henry's desire to gain a divorce.
The author of the Institutes of the Christian Religion was...
The city that stood as John Calvin's model Protestant community was...
Which one of the following was not one of the pillars of the Catholic Reformation?
the religious fervor of the Renaissance popes
The Council that helped define and advance the Catholic Reformation took place in ...
The Council of Trent...
took steps to reform the Catholic church.
Ignatius Loyola was instrumental in...
creating the Society of Jesus
The explosion of witch-hunting in the sixteenth century was most probably caused by...
tensions between Catholics and Protestants
Ninety-five percent of the condemned witches were ...
The Spanish leader who sent an armada against England in 1588 was ...
The leader of England during the attempted invasion of the Spanish Armada was...
The religious struggle in the Dutch provinces finally resulted in ...
a geographic split between the Protestant north and the Catholic south.
The most destructive European conflict before the twentieth century was...
the Thirty Years' War
Which one of these states did not become a powerful sovereign state during the centuries after 1500?
Holy Roman Empire
Charles V was the...
leader who tried, but failed, to centralize authority in the Holy Roman Empire.
Which of the following factors was not one of the reasons for Charles V's failure to build a centralized, sovereign state in the Holy Roman Empire?
frequent invasions by England
The Spanish Inquisition was first established in 1478 by ...
Fernando and Isabel
Which of the following states developed constitutional governments in the seventeenth century?
England and the Netherlands
The English Civil War ended with the trial and decapitation of ...
The bloodless change of power in 1688-1689 that ensured representative, constitutional government in England was known as ...
the Glorious Revolution
The architect of absolutism was...
The individual associated with the phrase "l'état, c'est moi" was ...
Which of the following was not one of the policies pursued by Louis XIV?
an attempt to make the nobles an active part of the government
Versailles was the magnificent royal palace of...
Which of the following was not a part of Peter the Great's policy of westernization?
Catherine the Great's attempts at reform in Russia were essentially ended by ...
The most important consequence of the Peace of Westphalia was ...
promoting the notion that the European nations viewed each other as sovereign and equal.
Which of the following conflicts is the largest war to unfold in the wake of the Peace of Westphalia?
the Seven Years' War
The fundamental principle of diplomacy in early modern Europe was...
the balance of power.
By 1800, the population of Europe had risen to...
The system by which unfinished materials were delivered to rural households for production was known as the...
The first great philosophical proponent of capitalism was...
The Ptolemaic universe was based on...
a motionless earth surrounded by nine hollow sphere
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres was written by...
That planetary orbits are elliptical, not circular, was demonstrated by...
The theory of universal gravity is associated with...
When Voltaire urged his readers to "crush the damned thing," he was talking about...
Most philosophers believed ...
in the notion of progress
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