NAME

Question types


Start with


Question limit

of 55 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads
Print test

5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cholecystitis s/s
  2. hepatic encaphalopathy
  3. hepatorenal syndrome
  4. hepatitis s/s
  5. cirrhosis: dec bilirubin metabolism
  1. a => jaundice, clay stools/dk UA bleeding
  2. b severe pain RUQ abd
    N/V
    fever
    inc WBC
    inc bilirubin
    inc alkaline phospatase
  3. c acute: mild with few to no s/s
    severe => liver necrosis/failure => life threatening
    usually regenerate but may lead to cirrhosis and chronic liver problem
  4. d ascites
    hypotension due to liver disease can lead to ATN (acute tubular necrosis) & oliguria
    altered Na concentration
    azotemia (inc BUN and inc creatinine)
  5. e portal HTN => dec liver metab => inc ammonia/toxin => blood and BBB => GIB byproducts => irritability, convulsions, coma

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. toxins (EtOH abuse + malnutrition, drugs)
    biliary obstruction
    autoimmune, post-necrotic viral hepatitis syndrome (Hep B/C)
    metabolic defects
  2. higher risk if older, have liver dz, drink EtOH, femal, genetic liver enz defects
  3. dec hair, gynecomastia, altered menses, angiomas, palmar erythema from INC HORMONES

    dec metab ADH, aldosterone => inc ADH/aldosterone
  4. EtOH
    biliary blockage
    hyperlipidemia
    smoking
    stones
  5. stone/tumor CBD
    inc conjugated (direct) bilirubin

5 True/False questions

  1. hepatitis pathologyinflammation of gallbladder
    dec blood flow => ischemia => necrosis and perforation
    stones often present in cystic duct

          

  2. cirrhosis: dec CHO, protein, fat metabolismdec hair, gynecomastia, altered menses, angiomas, palmar erythema from INC HORMONES

    dec metab ADH, aldosterone => inc ADH/aldosterone

          

  3. chronic pancreatitisDM and cancer of pancreas

          

  4. diagnostic of abnormal LFTinc liver enzymes 1-2 wks before jaundice
    inc bilirubin (bilirubinemia => bilirubinuria)
    hypoalbuminemia
    prolonged prothrombin time (ACUTE)
    seroligic marker (antigen presence)
    anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, transient hypo/hyperglycemia

          

  5. heme metabolism=> biliverdin => unconjugated bilirubin (insoluble/indirect) => bound to albumin for transport to liver => CONJUGATED with glucuronic acid (water soluble/direct) => ileum/colon (bacteria) => urobilinogen => bowel (brown feces) => plasma => kidney (yellow urine)

          

Create Set