Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.
Criminal Proceedings, Due Process, Eminent Domain, cannot be forced to self-incriminate
(States' Rights), The powers not delegated to the United States federal govt. by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Hamilton's financial plan
Hamilton's plan to pay of revolutionary war. the federal govt would assume all debts, create a national bank, and impose higher taxes/tariffs
tariffs, taxing of imported goods in order to protect local businesses and generate revenue
Taxes placed on manufactured products. The excise tax on whiskey helped raise revenue for Hamilton's program.
Hamilton's big idea; fiercely opposed by Jefferson and Democratic-Rep. The bank would regulate money and draw investors; loose constructionism
loose construction/strict construction
different ideas about interpretation of constitution. some believed it was to be followed exactly, some believed the constitution could be interpreted widely. Hamilton etc.=loose constructionist. Jefferson=strict constructionist
Farmers rose up in protest of excise tax on whiskey. Washington marches huge army against them to get them to back down without a fight, and they do.
Not anticipated or provided for in the constitution, but form nevertheless. Usually two main political parties
Political uprising in France, causes govt. to question whether franco-american alliance is still valid
Franco-American Alliance of 1778
formal alliance with French recognizing American independance and agreeing not to negotiate with Britain without consultation
a formal announcement given by GW which declared the US neutral in the conflict b/t Fance and Britain
Citizen Genet Affair
A French representative who attempted to contradict the Neutrality Proclamation by organizing armies to attack British and Spanish territories. Washington ejected him from the country when he became too bold in his recruiting, threatened govt. authority
Jay's Treaty with Britain
Generally thought of as unsucessfull, britain promises to leave their outposts in the US (which they were already supposed to have done) and pay for any damage done to American shipping, but makes no promises against future damage to shipping
Pinckney's Treaty with Spain
Allowed US to use port of New Orleans, and to freely navigate the Mississippi
An alliance of eight Indian nations who terrorized Americans and were given firearms by the British
Battle of Fallen Timbers
The U.S. Army defeated the Native Americans under Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket and ended Native American hopes of keeping their land that lay north of the Ohio River
Treaty of Greenville
This treaty between the Americans and the Native Americans. In exchange for some goods, the Indians gave the United States territory in Ohio.
Washington's Farewell Address
Speech at the end of second term in which Washington warned Americans, to avoid foreign entanglements
Two Term limit precedent
Washington left office after two terms, set unwritten precedent not broken by any president untill roosevelt
1804, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
affair in which US officials attempting to negotiate with france were asked a large sum of money in return for a meeting with french officials.
Quasi-War with France
undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800
Alien and Sedition Acts
Extends period of habitation needed for citizenship to 15? years, outlaws speaking against the govt.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
The idea advanced by Rousseau, Locke, and Jefferson, that government is created by voluntary agreement among the people involved and that revolution is justified if government breaks the compact by exceeding its authority.