Donee English 3 Literary Terms
The 58 terms of glory.
Terms in this set (57)
a story or tale with two or more levels of meaning—a literal level and one or moresymbolic levels. The events, setting, and characters in an allegory are symbols for ideas or qualities.
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
the repetition of vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant sounds.
the repetition of similar final consonant sounds at the ends of words or accented syllables
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally
a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement, often used for comic effect
the descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader
a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else.
the use of words that imitate sounds
a figure of speech that combines two opposing or contradictory ideas
a figure of speech in which as nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
point of view
the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told
a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two subjects, using either like or as.
a group of lines in a poem that are considered to be a unit. Many poems are divided into stanzas that are separated by spaces
the writer's attitude toward his or her subjects, characters, or audience. A writer's tone may be formal or informal, friendly, or distant, personal or pompous.
: a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art. Writers often make allusions to stories from the Bible, to Greek and Roman myths, to plays by Shakespeare, to political and historical events, and to other materials with which they can expect their readers to be familiar
a writer's or speaker's word choice
a contradiction between what the character thinks and what the reader or audience knows.
In poetry, the omission of words whose absence does not impede the reader's ability to understand the expression
a sudden revelation or flash of insight
The term 'euphemism' is used to refer to the literary practice of using a comparatively milder or less abrasive form of a negative description instead of its original, unsympathetic form.
a contrast between what is stated and what is meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
anything that stands for or represents something else. A conventional symbol is one that is widely known and accepted, such as a voyage symbolizing life or a skull symbolizing death
a statement that seems to be contradictory but that actually presents a truth
: a literary device that can be defined as a trait in a character leading to his downfall and the character is often the hero of the literary piece.
a figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is
the author's style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique, and which conveys the author's attitude, personality, and character
patterns in literature found around the world
a rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent person or a personified quality, object, or idea
Literally, the phrase is Latin for "seize the day," from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends.
A humorous scene, incident, character, or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious or tragic moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action
A disruption of harmonic sounds or rhythms. Like cacophony, it refers to a harsh collection of sounds; dissonance is usually intentional, however, and depends more on the organization of sound for a jarring effect, rather than on the unpleasantness of individual words
atmosphere, the feeling created in the reader by a literary work. Elements that can influence the mood of a work include setting, tone, and events
any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature.Using a motif refers to the repetition of a specific theme dominating the literary work. Motifs are very noticeable and play a significant role in defining the nature of the story, the course of events and the very fabric of the literary piece.
a long, formal lyric poem with a serious theme that may have a traditional stanza structure. Odes often honor people, commemorate events, respond to natural scenes, or consider serious human problems
: a humorous imitation of a literary work, one that exaggerates or distorts the characteristic features of the original
stream of consciousness
: an uninterrupted and unhindered collection and occurrence of thoughts and ideas in the conscious mind
willing suspension of disbelief
Temporarily and willingly setting aside our beliefs about reality in order to enjoy the make-believe of a play, a poem, film, or a story
a general truth or observation about life, usually stated concisely. Often witty and wise, aphorism appear in many kinds of works
a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem
the body of stories, legends, myths, ballads, songs, riddles, sayings, and other works arising out of the oral traditions of peoples around the globe
use of primitive, medieval, wild, or mysterious elements in literature. Gothic novels feature places like mysterious gloomy castles, where horrifying, supernatural events take place.
understood as the events, or the climate of opinion, that surround the issue at hand. They help to understand its urgency, its importance, its shape, or even its timing
a narrative account of significant historical events
a literary movement among novelists at the end of the nineteenth century and during the early decades of twentieth century of viewing people as hapless victims of immutable natural laws
a short, descriptive story that illustrates a moral attitude or religious idea. It differs from the fable in its lack of fantastic or anthropomorphic characters but is similar in length and simplicity.Many parables are religious in nature and can be found in religious texts such as the Bible or the Buddhist Tipitaka
: the presentation in art of the details of actual life. Realism was also a literary movement that began during the nineteenth century and stressed the actual as opposed to the imagined or the fanciful
a literary and artistic movement of the nineteenth century6 that arose in reaction against eighteenth-century Neoclassicism and placed a premium on imagination, emotion, nature, individuality, and exotica
an important literary tool that acts as the afterword once the last chapter is over. The purpose of an epilogue is to add a little insight to some interesting developments that happen once the major plot is over.
refers to the actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing. Usually in the English language the syntax should follow a pattern of subject-verb-object agreement but sometimes authors play around with this to achieve a lyrical, rhythmic, rhetoric or questioning effect
writing that ridicules or criticizes individuals, ideas, institutions, social conventions, or other works of art or literature
a rhetorical device or figure of speech involving shifts in the meaning of words (2) a short dialogue inserted into the church mass during the early Middle Ages as a sort of mini-drama
refers to the depiction of a strong connection, link or bond between the different senses
An extended fictional prose narrative that is longer than a short story, but not quite as long as a novel
A coarse or crude satire ridiculing the appearance or character of another person.
: an American philosophical, religious, and literary movement roughly equivalent to the Romantic Movement in England. The transcendentalist philosophy is not systematic or sharply defined, but it generally stresses individual intuition and conscience, and it holds that nature reveals the whole of God's moral law
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